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Lecture 5

PSYC 3140 Lecture 5: Abnorm - Lecture Feb 2nd

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PSYC 3140
Jennifer Lewin

Abnormal Psychology - Lecture - Feb 2nd 2018 Anxiety Disorders 1) Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2) Phobias - specific 3) Panic Disorder Anxiety - future oriented mood state that has a negative effect - Somatic symptoms of tension - Apprehension about future danger or misfortune Behavioural inhibition system - activated by brainstem or cortex - you become aware of surroundings and consciously scan Involes septal hippocampal system and frontal cortex freeze , experience anxiety, apprehensively evaluate situation Fear - present oriented mood state - Immediate fight or flight response - People with panic disorder feel fear but the fear is a false alarm bcz theres no immediate threat or harm - avoidance /escape tendency - Activation of SNS Fight or flight system - dont have time to think you just react - survival mode Brainstem, midbrain, hypothalamus and central gray matter Alarm/escape response Characteristics of Anxiety Disorders - Psychological Disorders- pervasive and persistent symptoms of anxiety/fear - Involve excessive avoidance and escapist tendencies - Sometimes if you aviod a situation- decide not to do it or not to go you can begin to feel better immediately - Significant distress/impairment - Comorbidity - often diagnosed with 2 or more disorders - why? There is alot of overlap between the symptoms of different anxiety disorders - look the same - Etiological factors also similar in different disorders - causal factorsPrevalence - 12 month - 18.1% - Lifetime - 30% Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Uncontrollable worrying about many different things - school, world, life, friends, family, future etc. - Distress, Muscle tention, restlessness, - Must be persistent for at least 6 months - Worry effects behaviour 1) Intolerance of Uncertainty - perceived lack of control - Cant cope with this- im helpless - Uncertainty is very triggering of this constant worry - problematic because theres always alot of uncertainty in a day to day basis 2) Erroneous Beliefs about Worrying - Worrying has a positive perpose and will help me avoid bad things from happeneing - Ex: Parents get worried and think that something bad will happen while im driving
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