“Stress is the nonspecific response of the body
General Adaptation Syndrome:
Comes in phases(1-3)
Fight or flight response: the bodily response to stress or initial alarm
What does the body need for this response?
Resistance is keeping the body alert over time to cope with the stressor
Signs of Stress:
o Physiological: fight or flight response (Cannon)
Sweating, increased heart rate, breathing, pupil dilation
o Cognitive :
Panic, anger, different moods associated with stress
Dr. Herbert Freudenberger
o The extinction of motivation or incentive, especially when one’s devotion to a cause or
relationship fails to produce the desired results.
o Signs of it:
Impatience: feel over-burdened
Irritability: feel pessimistic and overly-critical
Inflexibility: almost as if they’re not taking responsibility for their job, not being flexible.
Behavioural signs in workplace- increased mistakes, absences, lateness, leaving work
early, decreased work productivity, argumentativeness, callousness, alcohol/drug use,
over eating/under eating, interpersonal withdrawal.
Sources of stress:
o Life Events (Holmes & Rahe, 1967) – Social Readjustment rating scale.
Examined major life events
Arbitrarily set the middle – 50 - as marriage
Highest stress- death of a spouse (100)
Correlated with illness
o Daily Hassles (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984)