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PSYC 3140 (165)

Stress Lecture

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York University
PSYC 3140
Joel Goldberg

Lecture:  Stress  “Stress is the nonspecific response of the body  General Adaptation Syndrome:  Comes in phases(1-3)  Fight or flight response: the bodily response to stress or initial alarm  What does the body need for this response?  Resistance is keeping the body alert over time to cope with the stressor  Signs of Stress: o Physiological: fight or flight response (Cannon)  Sweating, increased heart rate, breathing, pupil dilation o Cognitive :  o Emotional:  Panic, anger, different moods associated with stress  Dr. Herbert Freudenberger  Coined “burnout” o The extinction of motivation or incentive, especially when one’s devotion to a cause or relationship fails to produce the desired results. o Signs of it:  Impatience: feel over-burdened  Irritability: feel pessimistic and overly-critical  Inflexibility: almost as if they’re not taking responsibility for their job, not being flexible.  Behavioural signs in workplace- increased mistakes, absences, lateness, leaving work early, decreased work productivity, argumentativeness, callousness, alcohol/drug use, over eating/under eating, interpersonal withdrawal.  Sources of stress: o Life Events (Holmes & Rahe, 1967) – Social Readjustment rating scale.  Examined major life events  Arbitrarily set the middle – 50 - as marriage  Highest stress- death of a spouse (100)  Correlated with illness o Daily Hassles (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984)
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