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Lecture 2

Psyc 3170 Health Psychology Lecture 2 Jan 16.docx

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PSYC 3170
Joseph Baker

Psyc 3170 Health Psychology Lecture 2 Jan 16 Attribution Theory - Relates to what you think and its impact on health - Naïve psychology Attributions - We try to discern motives + personality traits - Psychologist look at how such judgments are made - Examples:  Fundamental attribution error  How to answer simple question of – how are we feeling today  We tend to ignore situation factors help determine, rather we pay attention more and are more sensitive to internal things like personality, internal motives  Actor-observer bias  We tend to be more sensitive to things others do, attribute other people behavior to internal than situation factors  Although we tend to ignore situation factors, we still attribute more for ourselves than others (observer)  More sensitive to how situation factors determines how we act in certain situation  Defensive attribution – blame the victim  To reduce anxiety, motivated to see the world the way we would LIKE  Self-serving bias  Attribute to external factors  Discounting  Augmentation Am I really sick? - Physical symptoms tend not be enough for us to feel/aware we are sick, rather there 3 things according to Skelton  People/things in environment to trigger, as well as bodily sensation  Interpret sensation in the context of illness  If you are constantly thirsty and you aware thirsty is sign of diabetes  Negative mood  You care about it enough you worry there is something wrong, so you try to find out what is underlying problem Information + Self-Regulation theory (Skelton + Pennebaker) - Influenced by  Culture + schema  Amount of info  Medical student disease: tend to be too absorb from learning environment, which increase attribution to disease because over exaggerate symptoms  Social comparison  Comparison to peers Attribution Therapies - Attributions: self-defeating vs self-enhancing - James-Lange Theory  Physiological state determines emotion, situation factors trigger physiological state known as fear which we become aware of - Cannon-Bard Theory  Because there is number of emotions, there can’t be physiological state to each emotion  Rather than sought to disproof it they saw limitation and demonstrated proof of J-L theory  Flight – only increase epi (adrenal)  Fight – increased epi/norepi (high)  Suggest it works for local emotions but doesn’t work for specific emotions  Later develop two factor theory of emotion (Schacter + Singer) Two Factor Theory of Emotion - Subjects not informed or misinformed about effects of epi - Given injection of either epi/placebo - Put in room w/confederate who pretended to be euphoric or anxious from same injection - When given epi most interpreted their internal feeling from situation: if confederate acted happy they felt more positive mood and if confederate acted sad they felt more negative mood  Epi has both positive/negative and depends on situation - Not so w/placebo or when informed about the true nature of drug  Felt the way they felt before - Autonomic arousal - Cognitive interpretation of that arousal - Ovid (contribution in theory (minimal)?) Misattribution and Exacerbation Model - Following two factor theory - Ross, Rodin and Zimbardo (1969)  Those who were told noise cause you to be sleep worked longer to avoid electric shock  When they felt anxious they attribute to shock because that’s only explanation  Those who were told noise cause you to be anxious and aroused, when they get feeling they may attributed to electric shock or attribute to fact due to shock, there were dual explanation  Thus worked less, didn’t’ know which was attribution  Think that ppl could be tricked to different attribution as long as you made them believe it - Storms and Nisbett (1970)  Trick people that their problem isn’t tha
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