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CuP - Lecture 1 (Jan 5).docx

5 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 3350
Francois Lalonde

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What is cultureAny kind of idea belief technology habit or practice that is acquired from othersLearnedinfluentialCulture is shared and associated with a group of people who have a shared context geographical historical linguistic etcCulture is dynamicChallenges to Defining CultureCultural boundaries are not distinct and often unclearCultures are dynamic and change over timeMuch withinculture variation exists just as much betweenculture variation existsOrigins of Cultural Psychology1921Wilhelm Wundts Volkerpsychologie o Cultural products eg language and customs have an effect on mental processes1920sRussian culturalhistorical school o Luria Vygotsky and others recognized that peopleenvironment interactions are done using tools or cultural ideas that accumulate over the span of history o Interest in cultural influence on mental processes waxed and waned after 1930s1960sfield gained momentum1980s to 1990sBerry Shweder Markus Kitayama Triandis and others Monumental contributions to the field o Cultural psychology established itself as separate discipline within mainstream psychologyGeneral Psychology vs CulturalA key goal of general psych is to reveal the underlyinguniversal CPU o Even the way our brains work can be influenced by culture o Isolate behaviour from its content and context to reduce the noise and allow us to detect a clear signal o Avoid studying multiple cultures as this increases the amount of noiseCultural psychologythe mind cannot be separated from context and context o Mind arises from participating in a culture o Culture arises from the participation of the minds within itMathematical reasoning o Universal the number 2 o Variable numbers beyond 3 o All cultures have a concept for the 2Colour words o Universal black o Variable greenNormso Universal smiling when happy o Variable biting tongue when embarrassed etcUniversalscultural relativismAn accessibility universal eg social facilitation o Is cognitively available to most people in most cultures an existential universal o It use is the same across cultures a functional universal o It is accessible to the same degree cross cultures
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