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Lecture 6

PSYC 3430 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Pluralistic Ignorance, Role Conflict

Course Code
PSYC 3430
Peter K Papadogiannis

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PSYC 3430 F
October 29th
Lecture 6, Group Structure
FROM LAST LECTURE (from chapter 4)!
Social Exchange Theory (Thibaut & Kelly)!
looked at exchanges between people !
they looked at how people perceived the social exchanges !
individuals want to maximize their relationships with people. When forming with people, we will
look at the relationship and wonder if it will be advantageous for you !
Comparison level (CL): evaluating the possible group membership. It is highly associated with
satisfaction. When we look at future relationships with future people, we will look at exchanges
with those people !
Comparison level for alternatives (CLalt): standard by which people evaluate the quality of
other groups they can join, formally and informally. It is the lowest outcome level a person will
accept. This impacts them joining or leaving a group. Its’ being in a group right now, but being
ready to drop them if something better comes along. It’s not your final resting group !
We have a standard that you come in with, and if the group meets the standard you will join, if
it doesn’t then you won’t !
Example: a friend mentions she’s not satisfied with her relationships. She says that she is
dating someone on and o and she doesn’t really like them but she’s still dating them.
Currently she doesn’t think she can find anyone better, but if someone came along that was
better she would take them instead. !
Chapter 6 (not being tested on pages 186-192) !
Group structure is a complex set of relationships that organize the group into an integrated
whole !
For our classes for examples all of them have an academic integrity component that brings all
of us together. The classrooms we are in bring structure, same with class outlines. Another
example is how you have to be in class at the same time and place. Putting your hand up to
ask a question is an example of structure !
Group processes are shaped by influential group structures !
These structural pieces can be observable, like a course outline at the beginning of class,
and non observable!
Structure can be very resistant to change !
example of this is how classes are 3 hours long, when we know it’s not good for how we
learn !
Structure makes interpersonal situations more predictable !
Every airport for example is pretty similar, no matter where it is, so that it can be predictable
and we can feel comfortable with it !
The reason we keep structure is so that we can predict our lives!
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