• Test next week in this room
• Chapters 6-10
• Multiple choice – textbook, (75%)
• Written answers, based on the lectures,
textbook and handout (25%)
– Study your PowerPoint slides and study the
information in the text related to the slides. Today‟s class
• Comments on Test One written answers
• Finish “Motherhood”
• Women and men and Work Issues in the Workplace
• What jobs are never done by women?
• What types of jobs do men and women do?
– Children‟s Books
• songs IF THEY AREN‟T PAID, IS IT STILL WORK?
• Crawford & Unger (2000)
• “What is your present status…?” p. 394
• Contradictions of the homemaker role
“Homemaker works full time in an unpaid job
that is low in status, especially in comparison to
the idealized image of the „career
woman.‟…p.394 Who does the housework?
Is housework really shared?
• Although gender changes have been seen,
housework and child related care still is largely the
responsibility of women (York Longitudinal Study) Study by Blair & Lichter (1997). p. 395
Women do more housework
More psychologically stressful
When women work outside the house
Proportion of total work done by men increases
because women are doing less because of work
Only more done by the men otherwise when
egalitarian views are shared – Is Housework Easy?
• What do you think is the comparison in hours spent
in housework now as opposed to 1900?
Is Housework Trivial?
It is often accorded little value within individual
Devaluation also evident at the societal level
Not listed as an occupational title
Monetary value not computed into the gross national
Homemaking ranked at the same level of
complexity and skill as a parking lot attendant What do women think?
Worth? Job description?
Over $100, 000
Concerns about not bringing in income
But – also freedom to make own schedules-pursue
other interests-care for family
Househusbands The Two-Person Career
– Women or men‟s unpaid work benefits their partner‟s
career development (Most often the female partner
performs the unpaid work but it can be the male partner
Situations where wives are unofficial (and often
unacknowledged) contributors to their husband‟s
– Corporate wives (occasionally husbands)
– Types of responsibilities
– Rewards BUT! Very occasionally legally recognized
–It‟s Her Job Too
Canadian farm wife
Tragic ending Women in the Paid Workplace
• The Wage Gap
– In general
– Bar Chart (Nelson, 2006, p. 229) • Part-time work
– From Gender in Canada (Nelson, 2006 pp237-238)
• Proportion increased 100% between 1976 and 2000
• In 2000, almost 1/5 of the paid workforce worked
• Women represent 70% of part-time workers
• disadvantages • Women in the Paid Workforce
• Sex Segregation and sex stratification
Few jobs where the proportion of men and
women is about equal
E.g., types of items sold
Women in fast food, men as waiters or chefs
in expensive restaurants
Why do you think this is so?
May have overall equal ratio of women and
men but remain segregated at the level of the
individual workplace or task (England et al,
1987) • Men‟s work as defi