Lecture 4 – Women’s psych.docx

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16 Apr 2012
Department
Course
Lecture 4 Women’s psych 1/26/2012 6:41:00 AM
Infancy and Childhood
FACTORS THAT SHAPE GENDER TYPING
Adolescence
Reviving Ophelia handout
Test information Feb. 2, 2012 in this room
Chapters 1-5, multiple choice and written answers
Always give definitions and examples in your answers where possible.
Cognitive Abilities and Achievement Motivation
Infancy and Childhood
-Typical prenatal development
-Atypical prenatal development
intersexed individual
androgen insensitivity syndrome
o congenital adrenal hyperplasia
-Query
should children be forced to adopt one gender because is it socially
acceptable?
What do you think?
o Made this decision so that when the child is older they do not
feel different
Younger children Factors that shape typing
-family the most powerful factor, especially when they are very young
parents
o parents are affected by the children as much as the children
are affected by the parents
o differential treatment by the parent?
Culturally there can be great differences
Different toys for little boys and gilrs
Gender-typed activities
Emotions
Attitudes towards aggression
Attitudes towards independence
Some cultures girls have to be chaperoned
Individual differences
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-siblings
how do siblings and the media influence gender identification for
younger children?
-media
How do peers and school influence the gender identification of
younger children?
-Peers
very important in the gender typing of children
children learn what is expected of them from society little
children’s society is their peers
change in children when their peers change
-School
ADOLESCENCE
-A time of change includes the following changes
physical
o puberty
menstruation
emotional
o positive & negative
social
o how they make friends, who their friends are, how long the
relationships last
educational
o choice of classes that allow you to go to uni/college
Physical Change
-Puberty
physical change : breasts, hips, hair, acne, - body is developing to
have children
menstruation
o -Importance
reproduction
good health
o Positive/negative
Negative
Terms
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