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Lecture 4

Lecture Four.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3490
Professor
Heather Jenkins

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Chapter Five: Person­environment interactions and optimal aging • Competence involves five distinct domains o Biological o Sensory-perceptual functioning o Motor skills o Cognitive skills o Ego-strength o Not just these but also how you deal with these. i.e. losing sight • Environments: can be physical demands, interpersonal • Lawton and Nahemov: competence depends on environmental press (Chart in lecture notes & text) o If you have skill set and competence to deal with pressure, you rise to the occasion and do better  Behaviour can either be observable or affect  The extent a person experience a decline in health or any of the above competence, the less able they are to cope with demands of the environment.  There is an adaption level that acts as a balancing act  When in blue stripes we don’t feel out of place or feel like we’re struggling  So we need to either boost confidence and competence or change environmental pressure in order to adapt well and cope better • Kahana: people with particular needs search for environments that meet them best o Pros and cons of what university to go to? o Someone with a physical disability…their house would be wheelchair accessible, no wheelchair o Elderly person needs to relocate to an assisted-living facility  When your needs are matched with environment, you feel happy, efficacy. When unmatched, stress, unease.  If we see that we have limits in an environment then you go to a live-in home. • In that case, you don’t have much personal freedom o If you believe that you are forced to go into a retirement home, you will be stressed because you feel as though you have no other options • Lazarus: stress and coping framework. Schooler improved this mode. o Situations can be evaluated and identify threats as  Harmful • Coping response to that. Positive or negative? • How do we feel about that? Do we gain from it? Or decrease our effectiveness by negatively coping.  Beneficial • How do we cope with stress? Do we relish it or get swamped? Can you benefit from it? Is keeping busy beneficial?  Irrelevant • Is the stress irrelevant to you? If you perceive stress as completely irrelevant it won’t have an impact on your coping ideas. o Is there a positive outcome to all the three? • The Loss continuum concept: o Children leaving o Loss of Social role o Loss of income o Loss of spouse or friends o Loss of sensory acuity o Loss of mobility caused by poor health  This concept is intriguing because some people look at these as negative but they can be seen as positive. It depends on your perspective • Change their bedroom to a nice study, it doesn’t have to be negative  If you see these as negative, your world gets smaller. Your home and neighbourhood takes on more of an importance and is more central to your life. Usually shrinks down to a one block radius. So what’s near you? • Beyond the one block is only for special occasions. • So these don’t need to be losses. Moderate them and deal with them • Common theoretical themes and everyday competence: o Range of activities you can do above and below the idea if they are essential for independent living. o Necessary to determine whether an elderly person can take care of themselves • Living in Long-term care facilities: o Kinds of long-term care facilities  5% of men and 10% of women over 65  23% of men and 35% of women over 85 • These are twice the rate or US  Retirement homes: some supervision but minimal healthcare. Private owned, run for profit  Nursing homes: moderate high levels of care, private or private not-for- profit, government subs
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