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PSYC 3630 (13)
Erin Ross (13)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Gender and Families

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PSYC 3630
Erin Ross

Lecture 2 1 January 10th, 2012 - In 2006: more couples without children in the family o Population is aging, less likely to have children living in the home o Reduction in fertility (production of offspring) o Average family size has declined o Baby boom (1945-1955/61)  Babies of parents after WWII; producing lots of these children to keep family close o Baby bust (+10)  Reduction of babies Figure 3 - Decline in married couples with children (but still the biggest group), common law with(out) children risen - 2006: percentage of family with 1 child in the home = 38%; 21% in 2001; 3+ children in home 2006 = 13%; 19.8% 2001 (ratio of 2:1) o In 5 years, family with 1 child increased 15% o In 5 years, family with 3+ children decreased 6.8% - 2006: count for the first time same-sex married couples – 0.6% same-sex legally married couples in CAN o ½ same-sex couples (legal/cohabitation) in Toronto, Montreal o Children less likely to be in same-sex couples = 9% had child living with them o Lesbians couples = 16%; gay couples = 3% with child living with them - More common there are children in same-sex couples when they are married or when they are common law - ¾ same-sex couples lived in GTA “central city metropolitearean” – the suburbs - Same-sex couples are younger than opposite-sex couples o 4% same-sex couples 65+ years old; 16% opposite-sex couples 65+ years old - US census counts same-sex couples 10 years earlier - 30-40 years ago: lone parent because of death of a spouse (higher mortality, poorer health conditions) - Current: lone parent because of divorce o Increase of social acceptance to see theres children outside of legal marriage o Lone-parent lived with someone with a children = legally single, not a divorce (never had legal marriage) o 85% lone-parent family is headed by women; more frequent in older women than younger o More common in aboriginal families o Less younger women lone-parent because they have joint custody (child lives predominately in 1 home) o Shared custody = joint legal decision making, joint residents Figure 4 - Blended families - 12% of couples with children - 1 child not related by biology or adoption with the parent - 4 diff types of these families: o Her children (50%)= mom biologically/adopted hers and a male partner o Their children (32%) = there’s at least 1 child in common to both parents, and at least 1 child not in common to both parents o His children (10%) = male biologically/adopted his and a female partner o His and her children (8%) = he brings biologically/adopted and she brings biologically/adopted o Most common = her children family  their children family Young Adults - Spent more time in “emerging adulthood” o Transition from teenage into the 20s o Fewer young adults in 20s are in couples compared to 20 years ago Lecture 2 2 January 10th, 2012 o 20% young adults in early 20s – 18% of them are couples o Upper half of 20s are 40% in couples - Delaying union formation to achieve post-secondary, devote time
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