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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Relationship/Marital Satisfaction

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3630
Professor
Erin Ross

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Lecture 5 1 January 31st, 2012 Relationship/Marital Satisfaction 1. Nature and Measurement - Consists of diff types of items (ask about diff things) o Quality of relationship (good/bad), specific behaviours (problem behaviours – frequency of partner lies, how often do you kiss) o General interaction pattern o How often do you fight (if fight more = more dissatisfied with marriage) - Psychometrically, MAT has serious issues o Not gold standard in terms of quality of measure (but it is used frequently) Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (MAT) 1959 - On a scale 0-35 (very unhappy – perfectly happy) - Red number = scale value (numbers how the scale is scored, participants don’t see the number) - Scale is weighted to what matter more (they believe that factor carries more weight) – contribute to score more - Measures of agreement /disagreement / behavioural items - Attrition / mortality = disadvantage of longitudinal studies (to follow them 60 years in marriage) - Cross-sectional (slide 10) = take people from diff points of relationship o Different sample of people (cohort differences) - Marital satisfaction = result in a inverted U shape o Most low point = marriage couple with teens in the family o Only find this result in cross-sectional studies Dyadic Adjustment Test - Long version = 60+ items; not free! - Measure of aspects of satisfaction (more detailed understanding) Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale 1983 - 3 items – quick, as good to predict behaviour related to marital satisfaction than MAT o Satisfied with: your marriage, your spouse, your relationship with spouse - Measure whether relationship is good/bad, spouse is good/bad - Satisfaction and dissatisfaction is a process – satisfaction does not mean absence of dissatisfaction - Bipolar nature of measure (extreme satisfied – extreme dissatisfied): need to split satisfaction/dissatisfaction o Need to get both measures separately - Mixed = ambivalent (have more extreme dis/satisfied) is different from indifferent (don’t care) - Cognition to evaluate their marital satisfaction - Attributions = attributing their behaviour to some cause (“if you clean my car, you must love me”) o If someone persistently comes home late, then you think the person doesn’t want to be there o Diff attributions lead to diff consequences - It doesn’t just occur at one point of marriage, but marital satisfaction as a trajectory (a fluctuation) - Slide 11: Group 4 and 5 – unlikely to report marital problems (drug/alcohol, spousal abuse) o High level of shared activities o Group 5: more likely to have a slightly higher shared activities than group 4 - Group 1 and 2 – start at similar state o Group 2: less likely to report problems than group 1; more likely to spend time together than group 3 - Group 3: reported having more economic problems than all the other groups - Differences in trajectory group in marital satisfaction Lecture 5 2 January 31st, 2012
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