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Lecture 5

PSYC 3630 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Domestic Violence, Longitudinal Study, Verbal Abuse


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3630
Professor
Erin Ross
Lecture
5

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Lecture 5
January 31st, 2012
1
Relationship/Marital Satisfaction
1. Nature and Measurement
- Consists of diff types of items (ask about diff things)
o Quality of relationship (good/bad), specific behaviours (problem behaviours frequency of partner lies,
how often do you kiss)
o General interaction pattern
o How often do you fight (if fight more = more dissatisfied with marriage)
- Psychometrically, MAT has serious issues
o Not gold standard in terms of quality of measure (but it is used frequently)
Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (MAT) 1959
- On a scale 0-35 (very unhappy perfectly happy)
- Red number = scale value (numbers how the scale is scored, participants don’t see the number)
- Scale is weighted to what matter more (they believe that factor carries more weight) contribute to score more
- Measures of agreement /disagreement / behavioural items
- Attrition / mortality = disadvantage of longitudinal studies (to follow them 60 years in marriage)
- Cross-sectional (slide 10) = take people from diff points of relationship
o Different sample of people (cohort differences)
- Marital satisfaction = result in a inverted U shape
o Most low point = marriage couple with teens in the family
o Only find this result in cross-sectional studies
Dyadic Adjustment Test
- Long version = 60+ items; not free!
- Measure of aspects of satisfaction (more detailed understanding)
Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale 1983
- 3 items quick, as good to predict behaviour related to marital satisfaction than MAT
o Satisfied with: your marriage, your spouse, your relationship with spouse
- Measure whether relationship is good/bad, spouse is good/bad
- Satisfaction and dissatisfaction is a process satisfaction does not mean absence of dissatisfaction
- Bipolar nature of measure (extreme satisfied extreme dissatisfied): need to split satisfaction/dissatisfaction
o Need to get both measures separately
- Mixed = ambivalent (have more extreme dis/satisfied) is different from indifferent (don’t care)
- Cognition to evaluate their marital satisfaction
- Attributions = attributing their behaviour to some cause (“if you clean my car, you must love me”)
o If someone persistently comes home late, then you think the person doesn’t want to be there
o Diff attributions lead to diff consequences
- It doesn’t just occur at one point of marriage, but marital satisfaction as a trajectory (a fluctuation)
- Slide 11: Group 4 and 5 unlikely to report marital problems (drug/alcohol, spousal abuse)
o High level of shared activities
o Group 5: more likely to have a slightly higher shared activities than group 4
- Group 1 and 2 start at similar state
o Group 2: less likely to report problems than group 1; more likely to spend time together than group 3
- Group 3: reported having more economic problems than all the other groups
- Differences in trajectory group in marital satisfaction
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