9. March 19 Lecture 9.doc

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Public Policy and Administration Studies
PPAS 2110
Peter Constantinou

PPAS 2110 Canadian government Lecture 9 March 19, 2014 Elections and political behavior (chapter 11) History of the Vote in Canada - Recent times, that there is a decline in people actually voting - Before those who could vote need to be a White man who could own property - Those who cannot vote: not a citizen, under the age of 18 years old, certain mental illness Right to Vote for Women in Canadian Provincial Elections - The famous five, where women were not considered qualified person - ^ highlights the “person case” the supreme court rejected their claim, then in London, the judicial committee, accepted their claim that women are qualified person - Nellie Clung, born in Sudbury, Ontario, and only grade 6 education, learn to read in grade 10 - ^ Quebec took a long time to grant women’s right to vote because it was during the time of WWII, women started to enter the labor force Timeline of History of the Vote for Federal Elections in Canada - Before, there was no secrecy, used to be verbal and you had to say it out loud and the person in front of you wrote down your vote (lots of corruption because people (who wrote down the ballets) were bribed), therefore in 1874 booths were created - Agnes MacPhail was the first president of the CCS (the NDP) - ^ sat as progressive before (no longer around) - ^ also sat in the United Farmers Organizations (UFO), no longer around - First Nations, in the 1950 allowed to vote, then ten years later (1960) when all natives were allowed to vote - The last religious group allowed to vote is the Mennonites - 1948, was when Asians were allowed to vote - 1982, explicitly written that the right to vote was a guaranteed to all citizens - 1992, those with disabilities were assisted to vote (all polling places must have some sort of assistance for those with disabilities) - In Canada, Jails were meant to rehabilitate them, to rejoin society, but in the US jails are meant to be about punishment - ^ in Canada, even if they were serving a life sentence, inmates still get to vote Elections in Canada - Those who are 18 years of age, all are allowed to vote - First-past-the-post electoral system = whichever in Canada, gets the most votes, get the seat - ^ works well in the US (getting someone with 50%) but those with 3 parties only need 30%+ - There will be 338 seats instead of 308 because Canadian parliament mandate that as population grows, seats must increase – therefore each member represents the same amount of people - ^ these seats will be in Ontario and Alberta (and some in Quebec) - ^ in the US always 525 seats (regardless of how much population changes) – each member then represents a larger amount of people - Now always had fixed election dates (harper brought it in 2006), but before, never used to be fixed - Election campaigns has lasted for 36 days, in Canada, campaigns start 8 months before election date but in the US start a year before the actual election First-Past-the-Post System ** - Single member plurality – another name for first past the post system - ^can be unfair and undemocratic (eg: Rob Ford got 36-37% whereas Smitherman got 33-34% and Pantalony 30%) - ^ demonstrating how close it may be, only off by a couple of percentage Voting in Canada – three easy steps - Idea that you can register online - Can call you to find out when and where to vote - Can vote through mail, local elections Canada office, vote in advance Voter Turnout in Canada - There is a general decline in turnout (usually, young people do not vote) - ^ young people do not care because their needs are not met - ^ but then politicians do not address their issues because young people do not vote - As well, the parties candidates do not represent one’s needs, therefore may need a better candidate Who is voting and who is not? - People who are 65-74 still vote, but after 74, they cannot due to physical abilities - Therefore, each younger generations, gets lower and lower because when they were teenagers, only a couple voted and that same percentage carries on when they get older - ^ if young people continue to not vote, the average could be 40% - However, since young people do not care, politicians do not address their issues, young people do not vote, but since politicians focus on 55+ years old, they address the 55+
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