PPAS 2200 Lecture 8.doc

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York University
Public Policy and Administration Studies
PPAS 2200
Khashayar Hooshiyar

PPAS 2200 Lecture 8 Policing - Policing becomes the dominate mode of control, and under these circumstances, visible minorities become bluntly scrutiny - ^ tries to divert attention of race, giving the impression to the public that the issue is more racially based, and related to immigrants (who takes advantage of welfare and insurance) - Policing before and after the charter: in the past, before the charter, police department was an independent institution (not subject to external pressures, if there were complaints, usually internal matters, NEVER allow external matters - ^ The charter was supposed to be the eyes of the law, and charter provided the victims (those who had unfair and unjust policing) to defend themselves {protect them from unjust arrest for example} - After the charter, policing became subject to the law, and courts become lenient to implementing or applying charter principles to policing - ^ Lenient because main objecting of policing is to intimidate and policing need to maintain a strong image (and anything that could jeopardize their image might make them look weak) - ^ Main objective is not to be just but to manage and control society (within that framework, the obedience of the law, need to create a system that is just to society) - ^ There are limits however - The effectiveness of the charter, is the issue of gender, (post charter or after), women’s rights are more protected now - the role of politics in policing, is the existence of patriarchy (these systems are not only capitalists and patriarchy, have become integrated into the system - ^ why politics dominate - ^ issues of equality, there are other variables that can influence the justice system, hence, becoming unjust - 2002, Toronto star published a report, conclusion that racist bias existed in the police force, and in 1996, commissioned by Ontario recognized racism in policing - ^ after the report, Julianne Falintino, (chief of police), he denied the existence of discrimination and racism and sued 2.7 million against Toronto star and he lost (and by losing, it meant that there was racism in policing) - 2010, same issue was brought to the media, Bill Blaire (Chief of police), he acknowledged the racism in policing, and that “ racism is a human failing racial profiling can occur, but did not blame it as an institutional racism (systematic racism) but rather existed individually (policing discretion) - ^ he denied systematic racism in policing institution, he came up with solution to racial bias, and need to have “diversity training” - ^ idea that police officers were not trained properly, therefore need more “training” - ^ the overhauling of policing, need to hire more policing from diverse communities Shades of Blue Video - In Halifax, people of Africville gather and remember their history - ^ they were decendence of slavery - ^ Africville was surrounded by undesirable facilities (like prision, garbage dump) - ^ Africville was forced (1970s) to leave their community because Halifax wanted to build complexes - From the time of the move (1970s – forced out) many people from Africville tried to remember their heritage by getting together - All former residence of Africville would not come together to remember and be with friends an family - ^ come from all over Canada to stay for the weekend (like Toronto, Calgary) - Nova Scotia was very class cautious (white on top, black on bottom) - Media also plays a big part because media depicted black people to be drug addicts -
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