SOSC 1000: Topic#1
Ideology & History
1. Ways of Seeing
2. Defining Ideology
3. The Left/Right ideological Spectrum
4. The Liberal Debate
5. Conservative Revival?
6. Strands of Socialism
7. Increasing Complexity
8. Mythistory, Columbus & The War Against The Indians (McNeill, Zinn & Rasky)
The capacity of our environment to provide space, food and energy is all limited. Humans strive in less
than 17% of the earth’s surface. Only about 4% will grow crops. This fact is about the core of our
0-1500 A.D.: The population stayed roughly the same
1500-293: The population started to increase rapidly
1800s: population grew fast
1900s: population grew extremely fast
By slowing the population growth & resources we can preserve the Earth
Around 1830: our population reached 1 billion people. In Europe, the agricultural revolution took place
The industrial revolution is the time when Mother Earth’s heart starts to race.
1830-1930: the population became two billion
Mid 1970s: the population became 4 billion
2000: the population became 6 billion
2013: the population is around 7.2 billion
1960: Daniel Bell passed away. He is one of the 3 most important sociologists In America. He wrote a
book called ‘the end of ideology”.
1960: The Cold war. USA vs. USSR (they were rivals in the ww2 but become enemies after this)
The Soviets claimed to have discovered how society and history works. They also claimed how the
futures will be prosperous due to this knowledge.
The USA positions itself as the “free world”
The USSR positions itself as the “communist world” In the aftermath of WW2, it becomes unfashionable about Plato, etc.
It becomes fashionable to study more “natural scientific” things
There weren’t departments of political science or economics, there was a department of political
Until 1968, politicalists and economists published their works in the Canadian book of economics &
The book split in 2 after such as the book of economics & the book of political science
In the end, Bell wrote we know the answers to all t