2. Tradition & Modernity
1. Conclude History & Ideology
2. The readings (and Films) In Context
3. Traditional (Hierarchial0 Society
4. Modern (Mass) Society
5. The Great Transformation
6. Liberalism & Modernity Versus The “Paternalist Model”
7. James Burke: The Factory & Marketplace Revolution
Governments should do as little as possible and let private investors create more jobs with less taxation
(this is the right side of the political spectrum)
The left side is against socialism. It is legitimate for the government to tax. It is legitimate to make the
workplace safe and protect the environment. Government intervention is desirable.
Classical Conservatism of Ideology: was the dominant ideology of the western world prior to the
Eventually a recognizable counter ideology will develop: classical liberalism.
By the early 19 century, classical liberalism has replaced classical conservatism as the dominant
Contemporary liberalism (reformed liberalism according to TERRY) - it challenges classical liberalism
17-19 century: child labour was evident during these times (Charles Dickens & Oliver Twist, were
upcoming authors who outlined these themes in their novels)
A new ideological voice was challenged by Karl Marx; this ideology was known as socialism.
The debate between classical and conservative liberals is the difference between these 4 aspects:
Classical Liberalism Contemporary (Classical???)
Personal Freedom Is about freedom from, the Personal freedom is a positive
absence of coercion, the primary liberty; it is not freedom from
source of corrosive power but freedom to. Citizens should
resides from the government, be free to develop to their fullest the government must be potential. The government
restrained so individuals can get should have a role to play that
on with their lives, individuals citizens achieve this potential.
should be left alone to choose
their own rules of conduct Government has the power to
level the playing field.
Student loans are not okay here
It is a positive right. This aspect is
more important to them than
the classical liberals.
Student loans are okay here.
Limited Government Government activity They are concerned about
outcomes as well as procedures
1)It is legitimate for the
government to provide an armed
force, the means necessary to
provide citizens from external
2)It is legitimate for the
government to provide a police
source to protect citizen from
3) It is legitimate for the
government to provide a series
of court to administer and
uphold the law, to force us and
compel us to live up to contracts
that we enter into with them.
Equality of Right Believe life is one big “Equality of Opportunity”
competitive game and the rules
should be the same for all the
They should all be subject to the
same rules; equality of right
There should be no special
privileges for no one
The same set of rules for all
Consent of the Governed Property: citizens are property The governed is much larger in
owners (they have a stake in the “we the people” well-being of the population) Governed is larger, reducing
The government needs these
“We the people” is a relevantly
small group of people
1776: The American revolution (John Locke, Tom Paine)