Class Notes (838,403)
Canada (510,881)
York University (35,470)
Social Science (3,019)
SOSC 1000 (411)
Terry Conlin (237)
Lecture

SOSC Lecture #1.docx

4 Pages
197 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1000
Professor
Terry Conlin
Semester
Winter

Description
SOSC Lecture #1 Jan 16 2014 The making of modern motherhood: Ideologies and practices of ‘good’ motherhood from the 1800s to the present 1) Mothering vs. Motherhood 2) The invention of Motherhood: From agriculture to Urbanization 3) WW2 and Beyond: The Privatization of Motherhood as Full-Time Mothering 4) 1990s and Beyond: Intensive Mothering: Emerging from Neo-Liberalism and as a Backlash to Feminism • Mothering is culturally produced. • Mothers are made to be this way, socialized to be this way • Rich distinguish the difference between mothering and motherhood • Rich: Motherhood demands mothers to live their life, not be limited to children only. • But they also say there are other ways to mother • Motherhood tells mothers how to mother and mothering is raising children • Feminists critique motherhood, not mothering or mothers • How is the institution of motherhood created? • It has changed throughout history. Motherhood today and in the past and future are different • What causes the change? • Motherhood changes as a result of significant social, economic, culture change upheaval • 4 times in history motherhood has changed • transaction (5000 B.C) when society went from hunting and gathering to agriculture • First time, from agriculture society to Industrial revolution. 18 Century • Second time, World War 2. Economy of war to economy of peace • Third time, 1990s. Change in economics, rise of neo-Liberalism. Not that obvious of a change but still significant • Fourth time, crash of 2008. Economic change, economic upheaval • Good mother in 1700s, agriculture time. • What would her time be spent doing? • She had far more important things to do than raise children • Her day would be busy doing economic labour. Productive labour in her home. • Have between 8-14 children • Whos minding the children? • Well children would be doing work too, age relevant but would still be working • Children would be little workers on the farms. • Children were an economic asset, today children are an economic liability • The parents would love their children but their expectations would be different • Children were seen as evil beings who were made to be good. • Children were seen as little adults • Back to who was watching the children.... • Babies would be hanging from trees, coming from the lullaby, “.... baby on the tree top...” • Today if a baby was tied on a tree people would call the police, but back then it was seen as good mothering • Safety on the farm, stop the children from hurting themselves. • Second method would be wet nursing. Where a mother OTHER than the biological mother would breast feed the baby • The biological mother couldn’t breast feed cause she was busy running the farm so it was someone else. • Usually a woman whose job it was to breast feed a baby. The village breast feeders • The feeders would be poor women, not in the best conditions. So the feeder wouldn’t have much to each themselves. • Some babies would die from illness, but the biological mother had no choice. • Industrial revolution mothers • Middle class families. • Men would go to cities to work. • But why didn’t the female go to the male and work? • She couldn’t. It was the Law. Women couldn’t have a post secondary education. And women could not have a job. • Women were not seen as equal to work and the law made it so th • Now Motherhood was the job. It was invented in the 19 century • Now mothers were suppose to take care of children since motherhood told them to • These women would not be taking the “hard” work of mothering. Servants would do that, even for middle class because servants were cheap. • A nurse maid wou
More Less

Related notes for SOSC 1000

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit