1. To confront, acknowledge, etc. the politics of race.
• Race is a social and political construct rather than a biological category
• The collection of race based statistics and the problem associated with this
• The interpretation of the race and crime and how it affects racial discrimination
2. Policing practices are racist since they use symbolic and systemic racism.
• The challenges of responding to many of the issues identified in the race crime link. How
do we even define the problem? Is it racial discrimination? How do we confront the
• It is difficult to identify if they are even there let alone change them.
• The danger in targeting particular groups, communities, can actually lead to the
reproduction of race based understandings of crime, the cultural constructions of race.
Morality and Crime
1. The idea of a continuum of crime and deviance. There is no clear line that divides crime
and deviance. Although, criminal law has evolved overtime to prevent a line.
2. a) This refers to a process through which the deviant aspects of a behaviour or activity
are exaggerated and amplified as a result of this activity or behaviours is redefined as a
b) This refers to a process through which the deviant aspects of a behaviour or activity
are minimized and downplayed with a result of this behaviour or activity is not defined as
a crime. it is not subject to a process of criminalization, but maybe even
3. These two processes can each be understood through two different conceptual lenses.
• The first is the objectivist approach: the status of a behaviour or practice as a social
problem is based on their objective characteristics, in particular, objective and
measurable forms of harm.
• The second is the constructionist approach: the status of a behaviour or practice as a
social problem is a result of a process of a social construction that is behaviour is
defined as a problem not due to the objective harm, but due to a perceived harm
5. Hoe criminal law makes that distinction between what is criminal and deviant. Slide 3
1. Hence, we need to ask questions about who’s morality is in question
2. Examples include