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Terry Conlin (237)

March 6th topic 8.doc

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Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

8. Race, Ethnicity and Aboriginal Policy 1. skin Deep : The science of Race Skin Deep video • race is ranked between superior and inferior • that human can be separated according to their skin • skin color gives one variable that doesn’t solve the issues • skin color is not correlated anyway to IQ or intelligence of an individual • there was major fight between white and aboriginals • they killed a lot of people • their children were taken away from them. their belongings and they were given uniforms • they were put in to prison for no cause – there was a general belief of catholic and Anglo churches that punished these people • there was sexual abuse and many other harsh treatments • sexual abuse—was one part of this abusive experience- -many experience physical , psychological and sexual abuse ongoing – for the entire time they were attending residential schools • this had a tremendous impact on aboriginals peoples lives • their skin was sewed and sacrificed – they would pray for the animals they killed • until 1960 they were considered citizens of the country – only than they were recognized • the reserves – haven’t changed much – they had internal powers that they would abuse they exploited their land and kicked them out. the money that was supposed to be give to them was not given equally and distributed • Land : aboriginals believe all of Canada belongs to the Indians • their lands were given to the government • 1990---- they were using weapon forces against tem when they were unarmed • their stories are untold specially the American and Canadian natives – this 1992 year brought more awareness to let people what happened • aboriginals --- believe they are still voyaging • many don’t feel bad that Europeans came and immigrants – they believe that people should feel they belong here but in order for them to understand that they first need to understand that aboriginals were here before and they belong too way longer • US – under the treaty was give responsibility to keep white people away from the reserves • ones gold was discovered in South Dakota – things went viral and all the restrictions were broken • 1876--- worriers were organized and the government when they heard declared that these Indians that left their reserve were in violation and were forced to go back to their reserves • Crazy Horse was killed • Sue nations Aboriginal were compensated for 106 million by US government. they refused to take it and told the government to showed up their ass • the story of the Sue –is familiar all around the world • • 2. The War Against The Indians 3. Summer Vocation 1999 4. Pre- Confederation Relations • there was ongoing exploration by Europeans • this was the beginning of converting Indians to Christianity • during this time technologies were exchanged during Europeans and Indians • European settlement was established and – empires were created • indigenous were military allies in this conflict between the Europeans and the rest of the groups • indigenous people were important to American revolution the war of 1812 • prior to 1763—question of sovereignty were determined who owned the land—by right of discovery by legal land . this was used to claim sovereignty over land that they believed they discovered and it was empty • Royal Proclamation—was when Indigenous people had to surrender their land sell or trade only to British • no military relations left – aboriginals were representing an obstacle to modernity • 1 accomplishment that government wanted to do – was to get back the land that was given away before anyone else claims • the national policy—plan to claim and settle the west – st the problem was that these people were in the way 9 1 they had to deal with Real which didn’t work good for Ottawa ). • in 1869—Gov in Ottawa set out to deal with indigenous through treaties , they had to get them to give up these lands • 7 treaties were made with Indians – which is now the west part of Canada • Indian Act 1976—the purpose was to establish te position of Indians . it also established the righst and legislation of unions and their bands . they created the Indian registration • if the were registered they would become status Indian • this act decides who becomes Indian and who doesn’t , who loses this right and who keeps it • the Indian act was the constitution over which they had no impact – governs every aspect of their life . political , social , religious dimensions of their life • • 5. Administered Dependency: 1867-1967 • Prime minister of Canada : said that we should assimilate all native people about the Indian Act • Duncan Scot : our objective is to continue until there is no single Indian , • purpose of reserve school was : assimilation and marginalization of Indian people • Under the Indian Act status Indians did not get the right to vote until 1960. they had the option to give up their Indian status and become full Canadian citizens • hunter and gatherer--- were turned by the government in to farmers • indigenous form of self governments—were made illegal • many first nations had self government system based on matriarchy rather than patriarchy . • Mohak people--- refused the new band government , clan mother were sent to talk to
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