September 19th, 2012: Ideology and History
1. Ways of seeing
2. Defining Ideology
3. The Left/Right ideological spectrum
4. The liberal debate
5. Conservative revival?
6. Strands of Socialism
7. Increasing complexity
8. Mythistory, colombus and the war against the Indians
- After the 2 world war, we lived in a bipolar world
- Prof bell in 1960 wrote a book called the end of ideology which was very influential.
By 1960 according to bell, we had sorted out these things that marx and hobbes and
locke and rousseau were all talking about. It was common sense now. The free world
had a monopoly on this common sense. The communists were still prisoners of
ideology according to bell. The soviets created a prob for academics in the western
world. They claimed they had a science of history called historical materialism. This
claim was a challenge thrown down to academics of the western world.
- Behaviouralism is a response to historical materialism.
- 1990, a magazine wrote that we are at the end point of mankinds ideological
evolution and have witnessed emergence of the western world. The ideological battle
- 5 years later in Ontario, we had a provincial elction and bob ray was the new
democrat. Mr harpers party brought forward the common sense revolution
- In 2013, our neighbours to the south, Minnesota has decided to legalize same sex
marriage. There are some people who do not believe this is common sense.
- Over the past few years there have been debates about global financial crisis,
prostitution and legalization of marijuana.Are these things common sense?
- In the western world, polticial systems could be parliamentiary and presidential on
one side and federal and unitary on the other. In a parliamentary system there are 3 branches which are joined and connected whereas the presidential system is not. Usa
has a presidential system and Obama can not be a part ot the legislation (congress).
Presidential and parliamentary system are different in the way they believe
government should be run.
- In a unitary system there is only one national government which is sovereign over
everything. In a federal system, sovereignty is divided between atleast 2 types of
government. Canada is a federal government based in Ottawa that all Canadians elect
and we know that we have a provincial government in downtown, Toronto. 3 nations
that have had the most impact of the historical makeup of this country is England,
- Canada is the first country in the world to have parliamentary and federal systems
- Parliamentary and unitary system: UK
- Presidential and Federal: USA
- Americans got federalism from Iroqoua confederacy
- Federalism was practiced and originated from the aboriginals
- Aboriginals had the most organized and effective form of government which western
worlds decided to copy
- MISCOOT, 6 nations of the iroquoa confederacy, which played important part of
shaping this part of the world
- Legislative branches of govt in Canada, USAand UK.
- In Canada, the legislative branch is called parliament
- In the USAit is called congress
- In UK, it is also called parliament
- The Canadian upper house is called the senate and our lower house is called the house
- In usa the upper hourse is called the senate and lower house is called house of
- UK upper house is called House of Lawrence of wealthy families and lower house is
called the house of commons - Canada has an upperhouse that has the same name as the us and the lower house the
same names the UK
- American senate is selective and every state has 2 senators
- Ideology definition: ideology is a fairly coherent and comprehensive set of ideas
that explains and evaluates social conditions, helps ppl understand their place in
society, and provides a program for social and political actions.
- An ideology justifies the exercise of power in society.An ideo