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6 Pages

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1009

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1Social Science 1000 Study Questions Part A 5050 MinutesSix of the following items will appear on the exam You will be asked to define and explain the significance for the course of five of them 10 each 1 Thomas HobbesStudies human behavioursBelieved society began with a social contractBefore Hobbes time human behavior was taken for grantedSurvival of the fittest he speculated how human act in the state of nature He thought they would all compete strongly against each otherOnly subjecting themselves to a common power could they live in reasonable securityAccording to Hobbes peace was achieved when human finally said I convey my right to this party upon conditions that you pass yours to the sameIn other words people said Lets make a contract Each of us will limit our personal freedom in order to have some social stability Limiting own power 2 Immiseration You are making others lives miserable Rich is richer Poor is poorerThe value of goods and services is determined by the amount of labour required for their production However in a capitalist society the workers never receive this true value because the property owners retain some of if surplus value The workers were exploited and their exploitation was made worse by the practice of hiring workers at the lowest possible wages to work the longest possible hoursBecause of competition they had to pay their workers the wages determined by the labour market to compete successfully they had to invest their capital in new equipment in order to raise production Examples How Mexico was a job zone and had a population of 90 million many of them have to work hard just to get by they are marginalized but a better way to describe them is immisrise a dehumanized workforce providing labour for sweatshops and farms Heilbroner Page 41 Talking about England and how there was land that were the commons that meant anyone can go and build the huts and grow vegetables taken over by the land owners the people who relied on the commons had nowhere to go Heilbroner called it the immiseration process dont have stable employment and have to work with low level workersImmirised workers people who found the abandoned farm and took it over the women who worked in the factory who were making barbies were not working under
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