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Lecture 4

SOSC 1040 - Lecture 4 Notes

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1040
Claudio Colaguori

SOSC 1040 Sept 27, 2012 Humans as Social Beings & The Question of Biology and Behaviour  Relationship between the self and society that self exists within  Society is NOT a reflection of the mind (idealism); society shapes the self (materialism) IDEALISM  Would be a great society because people thrive on social bonds S OCIALIZATION  A social learning process whereby a person acquires a „sense of self‟, life-knowledge and a set of social skills. o It takes place through a process of interaction with other social beings. o We become human through the process of social interaction. o Social learning is one part of socialization  Socialized: learn how to act & interact appropriately with others, to become a competent and self- sufficient member of society.  {Feral children & social isolations show importance of socialization} S OCIAL ISOLATION  Creates dysfunctionality S OCIAL L EARNING  We are born pretty blank, with some parts different {personality}, must learn to be human through social learning.  There is a window of opportunity for learning certain things {language; must be taught within the first 5-6 years}  The importance of early social relationships in forming a person‟s development as a social being – social bonds – the human need for sustained, supportive, caring contact with others  Learn through mimicry also  Human nature is learned through culture  Humans are social beings who are interdependent on one another for survival, & developing an individual and social identity.  In contrast to popular ideas that biology and genetics are fixed and function to predetermine human behaviour. o Even biology is influenced by external conditions such as interaction with others, environmental factors and the circumstances under which one grows. INSTINCT SOSC 1040 Sept 27, 2012  An inborn, complex pattern of behaviour that must exist in every member of a species and, because it is embedded in the genetic code, cannot be overcome by force of will… a complex sequential stimulus-response pattern  Instinct – not passion/intuition; not flexible, different from reflex; humans have drives {sex} D RIVES  Better suited to explain what most people mean when they say “instinct”  Form a part of every human being but their expression can differ dramatically in each person.  Are socially shaped and socially regulated {sexuality, foods and eating, patterns of social interaction and communication}  Humans have basic drives and basic human needs and are also born with innate predispositions for certain simple character traits, but no fixed complex instincts. o Some personality factors develop through our own history of emotionally charged experiences.  Humans have innate needs for love and nurturing o Humans are very fragile o But are also very resilient; some are one way or the other, it depends N ATURE AND C ULTURE ARE DIALECTICAL  Interact with each other and are not two clearly distinct realms; are complimentary and inseparable – they come together to shape each individual. o But “nature” isn‟t “instincts”; means heredity/genetic predisposition, drives, & body. Importance of mutual recognition and a nurturing relationship
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