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Lecture 16

SOSC 1040 - Lecture 16 Notes

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Social Science
SOSC 1040
Claudio Colaguori

SOSC 1040 Feb 28, 2013 The Environment - We used myth and religion to explain things but now have science and this has started the different view to one that sees us as above nature. - The western Enlightenment Project, science and the Domination of nature – “nature” is seen as both “threat” and as “resources” that need to be conquered - We are stuck in the paradigm in the domination of nature but b/c we now have more scientific knowledge we can actually accomplish this and o Is part of human history; started a long time ago - How do power relations fit into environmental concerns? - Those w/ power were the ones who decided we should have this consumerist society that perpetuates the domination of nature - The dialectic of development and destruction inherent in consumer capitalist society o In order to “develop” (developing resources into consumer commodities”) - Sustainable development - Society also must include environment also b/c w/o environment there would be no society -> does the definition of society include the “environment’ or just people? - Some problems: global climate disruption (not just warming, although levels of CO 2nd methane are higher than they have been in the last 15 million years) o Disruptions: hurricanes, etc… o Due to industrial CO em2ssion and livestock farming, oxygen depletion causing dead zones in lakes and oceans, fracking, toxic waters, ozone smog and depletion, species extinction  Animal genocide, over-fishing, oil spills, draughts, toxic waste dumps and spills on land and sea, plastic waste on land and in water, ice caps and glaciers have been reduced by half  “species extinction is normal”->but this is NOT NATURAL selection, so no it’s not normal  Nuclear waste, lost nuclear weapons and other explosive ordnance, rainforest desertification, invasive species (pine beetles, plants, cats and global warming) o Forest depletion: clear cutting of forests, natural disasters as caused by human (in)action which are actually natural human disasters  Hurricane Katrina, Tohoku earthquake and Fukushima nuclear
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