Class Notes (839,147)
Canada (511,218)
York University (35,583)
Social Science (3,019)
SOSC 1130 (72)
Lecture

2012-03-15.Canadian Perspectives on Immigrant Integration and Nation.doc

3 Pages
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Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1130
Professor
Alina Marquez

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2012-03-15 Canadian Perspectives on Immigrant Integration and Nation-Building  Immigration woven into image of Nation State, crucial to Canada  What is Canada’s vision of development in global context?  How all its inhabitants fit in to it (Canadian born and non-Canadian born)  How it is legitimized  Relates to nation building in the context of power relations  Multiculturalism today is part of a corporate model, characterized as the selling of diversity Three Perspectives: Anglo-Conformity • Oldest in Canada • Calls for immigrants to be assimilated • Give up cultural values, embrace those of English Canada • Groups at this time racialized and seen as barbaric (includes eastern Europeans, Chinese, black, religious minorities) • Viewed as resisting assimilation or as being inassimilable • Worked well for economic elites, saw these groups as cheap commodities • Suited elite interest in Canada because those who could not be assimilated could be constructed as barbarians and could limit the benefits that the government could give to them, saving money • Worked well for elites politically, created divisions within population, eliminated attempts to organize and create change • Terms used today are ethnic and non-ethnic, does not have negative connotation, term still denotes certain exoticism Melting Pot • Overtime, countries of immigration have a mixing or blending of cultures • Newcomers bring cultures melts with those of the receiving country; new culture is created • Wishful thinking • Creates invisible power relations Multiculturalism • Dominant view in Canada • Society that embraces different cultures and cultures of new-comers • Does not enforce people to give up who they are, all can benefit from diversity • Has become a Canadian value, just like the maple leaf • Multiculturalism is the theory on immigration, and also government policy • Response to national and international forces after WWII • People against it as it is expensive, a drain on Canadian resources, is too inviting, and works against Canadian unity • Creates invisible class and gender relations within ethnic communities • Policy overtime has not been effective in fighting racism in Canada • Has been used as a mechanism of control to keep minorities divided and in their place • Others argue otherwise, see multiculturalism as valuable • See multiculturalism as good for business, potential for social justi
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