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2011-10-06.The Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity.doc

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Social Science
SOSC 1130
Alina Marquez

2011-10-06 The Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity Race • Social and biological • Societies seem natural, rather than constructed socially and historically and have changed over time • Hegemonic order – socialization • According to common sense, race is the classification of people into types according to biological or physical features • Problematic as there as much variation within one race as there is between races • Classification of people goes beyond biological differences or characteristics, i.e. is socially constructed • About the meanings society has attached to biological differences • Does not just involve different roles, involves ranking • Stratification: The act or process or arranging or arranging persons into classes or social strata • Race is a social relation of inequality, includes more than differences, also about power Ethnicity • According to common sense, it is the classification of people into types according to cultural features or characteristics • Problematic as view of culture is given at birth, and is always transforming • See ethnicity as unchangeable • These common sense view ignore historical aspect of ethnicity and previous powerful roles • View that people who don’t share the same culture can not get along Racism • Discrimination bas
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