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SOSC 1130 (72)


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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1130
Alina Marquez

2011-09-22 Welcoming: Migrants to the Promised Land: Who’s Land? The Settler State and First Nations People • Great transformation in Europe change Europe as well as rest of the world • Migration of Europeans to new lands came with violence • Europeans took land they saw as empty, little respect for inhabitants of land • No revolution, rebellion, or war of independence in Canada • Canada land of negotiations and discussion • Promises were not kept to first nations people • People with more power set agenda, developed rules, defined what is and what is not • Decide on the interpretation of the events that would prevail as history, i.e. recorded history • Interpretations become official stories • Policies kept first nations people from succeeding Early Migration to Canada: Waves of Settlers • Portuguese and Italian settlers arrive in 16 century • Pillage and plunder of the new world, exploring territory • First significant wave of settlers were the French, 17 and 18 century • Industrial revolution was able to build new land easily • Cartier discovered new territory, called New France • French attracted by fur trade and potential profit • Desire to convert natives to Christianity, gods work • First settlers diverse group, merchants, nobles, tradesmen, soldiers, religious • Only with culture women came to Canada • First nations women were more useful before • Taken as wives, taught French how to use land, used as interpreters • Immigration from France started to decrease when French lost war to British in Europe • Second half of 18 century, British colonized Canada • First British settlers loyalists from U.S. who did not support U.S. revolution and unhappy with separation • Scottish Highlanders established communities in Eastern Canada • Those who came to Canada mostly part of chain migration and established networks • Immigrants promised land, but land was already inhabited by first nations • Economy of Canada would’ve fallen apart without First Nations to help with fur trade and how to handle the land, trap animals, use medicine, etc. • First Nations became an issue to Europeans • Europeans did not need First Nations skills anymore, only their land • Nation building promoted settlement of Western provinces • Act in 1872 passed to encourage settlement, stipulated 160 acres allocated to families or 21 year old males. 2011-09-22 • Dominion Lands Act – 1872 – Canada gives land to settlers o $10 registration
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