Class Notes (836,997)
Canada (510,028)
York University (35,353)
Social Science (3,019)
SOSC 1130 (72)
Lecture

Guest Worker Programs

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1130
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Semester
Winter

Description
Guest  Worker  Programs:  An  Increasingly  Important  Aspect   of  Labour  Migration  in  Canada   Introduction:       1. Guest  Worker  Programs  &  the  National,  &  Global  Forces  Shaping  them     • Needs  to  be  framed  by  national  and  global  forces     • Canada  shifted  to  a  neoliberal  system   o Focus  is  on  the  market,  regulating  itself  without  state  interferences,  and   without  interference  from  “interest  groups”     o Interest  groups  include  unions     • Shift  in  immigration,  from  end  of  white  Canada  to  designer  immigrants   • Shift  in  social  integration:  multiculturalism  and  social  diversity   • Shift  in  immigration  and  social  integration  includes  global  dynamics  of  inclusion  and   exclusion  and  how  Canada  is  approaching  those  global  dynamics     o Who  are  the  winners  and  the  losers?     o How  does  Canada  respond  to  these  global  forces  to  carry  out  its  vision  of   development?   o How  are  winners  and  losers  related  to  this  national  model?   • Foreign  worker  programs  is  an  example  of  global  and  national  global  forces     o Canada  takes  advantage  of  global  inequalities  to  solve  a  crisis  in  Canada’s   agricultural  sector     o Canada  capitalizes  on  the  social  dislocation  and  the  need  that  people  need  to  go   abroad  to  work  so  they  can  send  money  back  home   o Do  it  to  send  remittances  home  (sent  to  support  their  families   • Guest  worker  programs  have  become  permanent   • Seasonal  agricultural  workers  are  nominated     • Lower  skill  workers  can  stay  here  for  a  longer  period  but  also  need  to  spend  some  time   back  home       2. “Temporary”  Workers  Recruited  for  Agricultural  Work:  The  Social  Construction  of   Inequality     a. Seasonal  Agricultural  Workers  Program  (SAWP)   •     b. Low  Skill  Pilot  Project  (LSPP)  with  recent  addition  of  agricultural  stream   • Has  been  in  place  for  10  years   • 2011:  agricultural  stream  was  added     3. Film:  “El  Contrato”       • Means  contract   • Seasonal  workers         Notes:     • Fay  Faraday  Report:  “Made  in  Canada”   o 2000:  89  746  migrant  workers  in  Canada   o 2011:  300  111  migrant  workers  in  Canada   o 2011:  156  077  economic  migrants  (permanent  residents)     o 2011:  190  769  migrant  workers   ▯ Migrant  workers  out  number  permanent  residents   o Skills:   ▯ 2000:  24  139  lowers  skills     ▯ 2010:  87  866  lower  skills   • “Precarious  migration”  sta
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