2. Multiculturalism from 1990s-Present
e. video clip: Little Mosque on the Prairie, “Flying While Muslim” (2007)
Critique problems that Muslims have with racial profiling.
3. Multiculturalism and Canadian Nationalism
Nationalism: patriotism, pride in ones’ country
Multiculturalism serves as a way to promote tolerance; often held as a reason to celebrate
Canadian national identity. Differentiate us from the; us= Canadians vs. them=
Americans, Europeans... etc.
Canada is about Diversity.
a. Form of moral superiority over the U.S.
We have universal healthcare; systemically dismantle.
Less racist we are
b. yet multiculturalism is seen as a problem when (white) images of “Canadiana” are
i. Mounties wearing turbans
Baltej Singh Dhillion; applied to the RCMP and he met the requirements and
more except one; he is Sikh and as a Sikh man he didn’t want to remove his
turban from his home. He was refused entry onto the RCMP because of his
100,000 people signed a petition to keep the RCMP uniform the same
Popular in Canada, US and elsewhere
“white male, polite and benevolent”
Dhillon; the dress code after this crisis was amended in the early 90’s. And
now he works as an RCMP officer.
ii. French-Canadians wearing hijabs
In Quebec worn by Muslim women and girls
September 1993, Emilie Ouimet was excluded rom her high school for
wearing a hijab in concern of the dress code.
Images of the White French Canadian was interfered by girls with hijabs.
A Betrayal of the French-Canadian identity.
Women who wear a hijab are oppressed
Assume that the white French Canadian women are liberated and brown
French women are oppressed.
Ignores the similarities between the position of Muslim women and others
Ignores positions of all Canadian women
Ignore the idea of Islamic feminism; and the way they practice to wear the
Some women= hijab is a source of empowerment, seen as a sex object,
something that gives women respect in the public sphere. Gives women a sense of identity.
Hijab = oppression; women being forced to wear it ( that’s what they say)
Underscore how superficial multiculturalism in the social justice.
Underscore how despite multiculturalism is , Canadians use white as the
10 years ago an English let prof, published work about intense relationships
with women about Anne of Green Gables. Robertson examined the subtext
for Anne’s relationship with women.
iii. Asian woman scientist on $100 bill
Person on the money is supposed to represent something
Bank of Canada released a $100; a women looking into a microscope, with a
bottle of insulin