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Social Science
SOSC 1350
Julie Dowsett

SOSC 1350 January 9, 2013 -1 Aboriginal peoples are diverse group - includes Inuit, Metis, First Nations - important to avoid “ Canadian Indian” -Common to hear Canadians refer “ Indians” as if they were one person, and all live the same lives - ^ homogenizing the group -In Canada Aboriginals speak over 60 different languages, 52 speaking cultural groups -More aboriginal people live in cities -1961 only 60% live in city than 2000 I 49% -2011 approx. 79% live off reserve, 59% live in large cities like Edmonton and Toronto - Poor living disease bring upon sickness - 8/10 times higher than before - The “Body Bag Scandal” in 2009, varies packages went across Canada, and Manitoba requested it, but the gov’t sent them a bunch of body bags instead - ^ shows how they view Aboriginal Canadians, and Manitoba Aboriginal leaders held a conference with the Body Bags - 2a Aboriginal people were seen to impenedense, they sought to change Aboriginal people (culture and religion) in 1950s - ^ this transition was to achieve through residential schools - Aborigianals are the most marginalized and particular women, Eg: avg income was 36% lower, and aboriginal women are poorer then men and non-aborignal womn -aboriginal people have a higher death rate, and life expentency is 7 years lower than non-aboiginals, and they(aboriginal women) are more likely to experience violence -2b Section 12 1b is about a women of indian status and marries non-aboriginal man lost her indian status due to marriage (and lost of several rights like lost her benefits of a home), if it was the other way around, both spouses have the status of an indian - 2bi Jeanette lost her case due to formal equality reasoning (since they treat all of them the same then they did no wrong) 2bii Mary who extended and activist issue and good job highlighting the issue because of activisom 2biii Sandra who married early and lost her status, Then separated with her spouse and wanted to move back to her reserve, they prevented her from going and charged her for trespassing, by they denying her moving in they denied her culture and language. 2biv and v the Bill C-31 (act to amend the indian act), over 25 years were changed, this legact continues til this day, si after this bill estimated 35000 women reclaimed their status, but for the 2 generantion it was difficult to reclaim their status (means if their mother married non-aborignal without indian status, then okay, but if great grandmother and so on did marry non-aborignal, then you are out of luck since it is an older generation) – it is estimated that many do not have this status because they could not claim It since it is a longer process like death certificate and birth certificate and knowledge (the legacy) 2ci and ii Aboriginal people as a whole are over presented like aboriginal inmate make out 7% in Ontario, 17% in BC, 31% in Alberta and 51% in mantobia and 73% in saskachewan (when only 10% aboriginal live in saskchewan) it shows 2ciii shows that it is likely to get worse, aborinals are more likely to go to prision and 38% of aboriginal birth rate 2civ the crime bill involves like the aboloshing of the sentencing, mandatory minimum sentencing, and harsher sentencing for young offenders ^ bill is problematic and hit aborignal people hard 2d Monture talks about overrepresentation of aboriginal population, and how problematic for crimes on aborignals (they do not reflect aborinal justice) 3a and b aboriginal women were engaged in hunting (the Ojibwa women) Eleanor Leacock famous for Montognais-Naskapi, and looked at womens lab
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