(FINISHING) GENDER, RACE AND IMMIGRATION (PART 2)
4. Film: The Nanny Business (Canada, 2010)
• 5000 Filipino nannies are lured to Canada each year believing that they
can make their dreams come true in this country.
• Since 1990 approx 100000 women have come to Canada as nannies under
the national caregiver program. They have to live in Canada for two years
as a nanny at which point they can apply for Canadian citizenship.
• Edelyn’s story **
• Nannies would work until midnight without overtime pay and no prior
• The agencies are conning many of the individuals wanting to partake in
the nanny program.
• Each year Filipino parents send home millions of dollars for their children.
• They are lured to another country under the belief of money
• The employers fit the criteria of human trafficking.
• 12 hours a day, $1000 a month works out to be approximately $3.70 while
the minimum wage here is $10.
• The government set up the program in such a way that it facilitates
• The Canadian government amended parts of the LCP
5. Questions for Consideration Relating to The Nanny Business
a. How would a feminist informed by anti-racism critique the federal
Live-In Caregiver Program (LCP)?
b. How would an feminist informed by anti-racism critique this film?
For example, how are the white woman journalist (Susan
McClelland) and white male MPP (Mike Colle) represented as
helping to “liberate” the Filipino women? What are the problems
with this? How is the Filipino women’s activism downplayed?
c. Brickner and Straehle discuss several problems faced by caregivers
in the LCP (for example, sexual harassment and abuse by employers). What are these problems? Why do you think the film
does not address them?
Final Note: If you are interested learning more about Filipino domestic
workers in Toronto, I highly recommend the film Brown Women, Blond
“CULTURE” AND “MULTICULTURE”
[Multiculturalism] reduces the problem of social justice into questions of
curry and turban.
—Himani Bannerji (1942-present)
1. Official Multiculturalism in Canadian Public Policy and Law
a. Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism (1963-1969)
i. The government appointed a Royal Commission to study the
French-English tensions to figure out solutions.
ii. The term multiculturalism came about because of this Royal
Commission after they realized they were not a bicultural
society rather a multicultural society.
iii. They took up the concerns of people of colour not to show
concern for them but as a rebuttal for Quebec’s want for
b. federal multiculturalism policy (1971)
i. For Trudeau, bilingualism was far more important than
c. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982)
d. Canadian Multiculturalism Act (Bill C-93, 1988)
i. When Mulroney was PM, the fed