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SOSC 1375 (193)

Governing Trouble and the Making of a Good Citizen.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 1375
Olena Kobzar

1 Governing Trouble and the Making of a Good Citizen Treaty of Westphalia: Birth of the Modern Nation State Key Principles: 1. Political self determination 2. Equality between sovereign states 3. Principle of non – intervention „Imagined Communities‟: states were assumed to correspond to nations – groups of people united by language and culture History of Citizenship in Canada: Few immigrants before 1896: in face a lot of people emigrates to US in search of labour (US restricted this immigration in 1920s Canadian Pacific Railroad 1885 3 Models of Integration: 1. Anglo French Conformity: anyone to come had to be French (catholic) or English (protestant) (prior to 1945) 2. The Melting Pot 3. Pluralism/Multiculturalism (post 1 945) Canadian Immigration Policy Before 1945: Open doors: the more immigrants the better „Only Farmers Need Apply‟- farming the Prairies and the West Assimilation: White Anglo- Saxon Protestants (WASP) Canadian Immigration Act of 1910:gave the Canadian government the power to prohibit the entry of “immigrants belonging to any race deemed unsuited to the climate or requirements of Canada” 2 „Non-Preferred‟ and „Not Acceptable‟: visible minorities- laws and regulations were issued to prevent their coming to Canada Context: - No Social Safety Net: - Deportations: immigrants who lost their jobs 1930-1934: 16765 immigrants were deported from Canada for having become public charge by 1935 the number of deportations had reached more than 28,000 Economic conditions influenced the immigration policy Changes to Immigration Policy Post 1945: Highly skilled and educated immigrants are needed for national growth Increased national prosperity – no competition for scarce jobs Increased levels of education(=tolerance) and travel (=curiosity) Reactions to horrors of WWII and concentration camps Fears of communism- asylum given to anti communist Increased living standards in Europe – less immigrants coming to Canada Humanitarian concerns: 1) family reunification and 2) refugee policy was progressively developed Canadian Citizenship Acts: 1 Canadian Citizenship Act (Jan.1 , 1947): until 1947 all Canadians were British subjects living in Canada 2 Canadian Citizenship Act (1977): citizenship is
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