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SOSC 1375 (193)

Governing Trouble.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 1375
Olena Kobzar

1 Governing Trouble and the Making of a Good Citizen Treaty of Westphalia Birth of the Modern Nation State; regulate state law Key Principles: 1. Political self determination 2. Equality between sovereign states 3. Principle of non – intervention „Imagined Communities‟: states were assumed to correspond to nations – groups of people united by language and culture; nothing natural about the division of states Citizenship History of Citizenship in Canada:  Few immigrants before 1896  Canadian Pacific Railroad 1885 3 Models of Integration: 1. Anglo (French) conformity – prior 1945 (either had to be French or English person; “be just like them”) 2. Melting Pot (accepted immigrants and assumed they would blend into one identity- the Canadian identity) 3. Pluralism/ Multiculturalism – post 1945 (acceptance of all cultures in our society, yet still Canadian) Canadian Immigration Policy Before 1945:  Open doors: the more immigrants the better (to contribute to our economy)  „Only Farmers Need Apply‟ (the jobs „rational‟ people wouldn‟t want to do; the people more naturally adapted to that specific work) Assimilation: Canadian Immigration Act of 1910: gave the Canadian government the power to prohibit the entry of “immigrants belonging to any race deemed unsuited to the climate or requirements of Canada” 2 „Non-Preferred‟ and „Not Acceptable‟: visible minorities were not acceptable and other Europeans not preferred  Chinese Head Tax  Indians- continuous journey regulation  Blacks- the health regulations; Canadian climate  Japanese- Gentlemen‟s Agreement  1930‟s- Canada refused to allow Jewish refugees Context: - No Social Safety Net: - Deportations: immigrants who lost their jobs got deported; almost 17 000 people were deported between 1930-1934 for having become a „public charge‟; 1935, 28 000 had been deported - Who is classified as a good citizen depends on economics Changes to Immigration Policy Post 1945: i. Highly skilled and educated immigrants are needed for national growth ii. Increased national prosperity – no competition for scarce jobs iii. Increased levels of education (=tolerance) and travel (=curiosity) iv. Reactions to horrors of WWII and concentration camps v. Fears of communism vi. Increased living standards in Europe – less immigrants coming to Canada vii. Humanitarian concerns: 1) family reunification and 2) refugee policy was progressively developed Canadian Citizenship Acts: st st 1 Canadian Citizenship Act (Jan.1 , 1947): until 1947 all Canadians were British subjects livin
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