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Lecture 8

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1375
Julie Dowsett

1 Governing Trouble and the Making of a Good Citizen Main stuff, thesis, usually in the second paragraph. First paragraph is sometimes a filler. Find main points and how the author proves it (i.e. stats or history). 3 paragraphs. Essay style, not an actual essay. Introduction paragraph – the article is about bla bla bla. Second paragraph - The main argument is (i.e. drones save lives with efficiency. Third paragraph – authors also argue… 5 pages is best. Socio-legal method or theory. Social consciousness, legal consciousness are best examples. Use Headings: Introduction, Main Argument, Evidence, socio legal method/ theory, relationship between law and society, conclusion No thesis Relationship between law and society: you can’t really look at law or society by themselves, because there are many factors like history that effect the law shapes society or the way society changes to adapt to the law. “If a law changes society then there will be more equality.” Treaty of Westphalia: Birth of the Modern Nation State -treated was enacted to regulate state law Key Principles: 1. Political self determination 2. Equality between sovereign states 3. Principle of non – intervention ‘Imagined Communities’: History of Citizenship in Canada: Few immigrants before 1896 Canadian Pacific Railroad 1885 – enabled commerce and enabled Canada to become a state 3 Models of Integration: (SHORTANSWER ON THE TEST) 1.Anglo (French) conformity (prior to 1945) you had to be just like them and conform to the culture 2 2. The melting pot (the Canadian identity) 3. Pluralism/Multiculturalism (post 1945) Canadian Immigration Policy Before 1945: Open doors: the more immigrants the better (important) ‘Only Farmers NeedApply’ Assimilation: (WASP) WhiteAngo-Saxon Protestants) Canadian Immigration Act of 1910:gave the Canadian government the power to prohibit the entry of “immigrants belonging to any race deemed unsuited to the climate or requirements of Canada” ‘Non-Preferred’and ‘NotAcceptable’: The Chinese Head tax, ‘Indians’– ‘Continuous Journey” Regulation, Blacks – the health regulations – Canadian climate, Japanese – ‘Gentlemen’s Agreement, 1930s – Canada refused to all in Jewish refugees Context: - No Social Safety Net: - Deportations: immigrants who lost their jobs for having become ‘public charge’ Our idea of who’s a good citizen actually relies on economics (Important) Changes to Immigration Policy Post 1945: what happened? Why did our policies change? (Important questions) Highly skilled and educated immigrants are needed for national growth Increased national prosperity – no competition for scarce jobs Increased levels of education (=tolerance) and travel (=curiosity) Reactions to horrors of WWII and concentration camps Fears of communism Increased living standards in Europe – less immigrants coming to Canada Humanitarian concerns: 1) family reunification and 2) refugee policy was progressively developed 3 Canadian CitizenshipActs: st st 1 Canadian Citizenship Act (Jan.1 , 1947): until 1947 all Canadians were British subjects living in Canada 2 Canadian Citizenship A
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