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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Miguel Gonzalez

1430 Tues Jan 8, 2013 • Main agents/forces of dev. • Who promotes these organizations/forces • Markets as dev. forces - neoliberalism versus the states: • New agents in contemporary dev: civil society, NGOs • Main values and principles that should guide dev policies Globalization EndofWW2:2importantchanges 1) Emergence of a dev discourse • way of thinking/talking about needs of some nations, relations among nations of the world • quote of Truman's 1949 inaugural address: main challenges as seen by US admin in immediate years after WW2 - some continuinity with discourse of colonialism; ex. civilization to uncivilized areas 2) New intl institutions • have a mandate/created with one to address problems of underdev. • Truman: departed from expansionism by force; key role of advanced dev world to bring about changes through fair democratic practices to underdev. world • do the practices and promises of dev. embrace the idea of democratic fair dealing? • New framework for post WW2 relations est • 4 new institutions: Bretton Woods Inst. 1944 est. • Intl Bank for Reconstruction and Dev - World Bank: support countries in long term dev plans by providing technical assistance and funding and the primary target was Europe at athat time and help it recover post WW2 • Intl Monetary Fund designed to offer short-term assistance for countries in deep economic crisis and lends money - often countries end up spending most of their income paying back that money. • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade - substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis; regulate intl trade (WTO); GATT signed in 1947 - lasted until 1994, when it was replaced by the World Trade Org 1995 • United Nations - forum for intl dialogue and understanding, peace and political stability, charter on human rights, ideas on dev, conceived as the most important of the 4 institutions but has become increasingly less powerful, while others have grown in strength Globalization - global village - intimate relations - borderless world Other manifestations: - Global interdependence: ex. debates on global warming - what other countries do has an impact on everyone; long term weather patterns are altered - ex. through human activity - Flow of communication and commodities - regulation of transnational relations: states had more freedom in est domestic policies previously - power of Transnational corporations: increasing in strength - global cities: hubs of communication, capital flows - not just in Europe and North America - western-style consumerism: erasing local culture v. hybrid, reinforces nationalism - can travel and communicate much faster Terms: - multinational and international apply to countries and corporations - relations between nations (states) - multinational corporations operat ein many countries IntlEcon - trade btwn nations - key unit = ntl economies - key players = ntl corporations and economies - regulations = set up nation-states GLOBAL - refers to the transnational - transcends the nation-state - activities go beyond national boundaries; not nation as prime area of analysis - perh
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