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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1430
Miguel Gonzalez

(7-10pm) Sunday April 14 – tentative exam date th Feb 12 Lecture notes Last weeks notes  States, market and civil society (they all have their own views and aspirtaions on how economic and social dev can take place)  Civil society – reservoir, act as a watch dog role in keeping track of govt transparity and govt policies, Relieve states from financial probalems, Grassroots participation produces better policy  Market are the main agent for econ dev. NEW TRADIC MODEL – POST WASHINGTON CONSENSUS  Old one was pure neo-liberal  Incorporates notions  a) that need some regulation of markets  b) That civil society should play some role in dev  New dev language:- bottom up or grassroot dev, participation, social capital and empowerment, good governance are imp in international dev.  World bank and IMF speak in the language of these grass roots ( language of civil society)  It sounds great but in reality it does not provide much,  Social movements have tried to make sure that these changed occur at an international level but in reality it does not happen so often. HIRD WAY AGENDA – emergence and significane  We need to realize that states and markets can not work alone.  There is a need for a third actor, people realize the need for this actor ,  Disillusionmovement with state and marke as agents of dev.  Search for more efficient and cheper delivery of services  Recognition of vibrancy and power of social moveemetns and civil societies  Search for greater input from ordinary citizens  Way easier to complain VS crude neo-liberalism EMERFENCE OF TWO PARADOXES 1. NEW agenda results from interaction of two opposite and contradictory trends (they at times converge and then at times clash) Strategies from above and pressure from below Formal recognition of SM demands/presence only Peoples participation is welcomed but not necessarily against govt cutbacks functioning of markets ( NGO’s have actually produced significant dev. They have been beneficial.) HOW THE CONTRADICTION MANAGED ITSELF 2. All side speaking the same language, but meaning radically different things A SUPERFICIAL CONVERGENCE Trying to neutralize more radical social movements (pacify private participatin) WB and IMF give funds to less radical organizations dividing movements (IMF uses different mechanisms) Participation may further help immigration the world bank had embraced participation but you may not put it into effect (you need to equate participation with consultation) the world bank sees participation as means to download responsibility and cuts budgets WB is not not giving ownership over policis or decision making (the world bank still has the power Social movements may equate empowerment with ful participation in design, implementations, monitoring of projects Civil society is not a great thing in itself Fair Trade and Free trade 1) Introduction:- 2) Free trade:- a. WTO i. Dispute settlement ii. Eulngs iii. Outcome 3) Fair trade a. What is FT b. Orgins goals 4) Conclusion GOOD TO INCORPORATE THIS INTO ESSAY Trade:-  Is no
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