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Colonialism in Latin America, Impacts of Colonialism, Economic Theories and Structures Lecture.docx

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1430
Soren Frederiksen

Lecture November 23 , 2010 Colonialism in Latin America - Intro - Colonialism in Latin America: Mercantile colonialism, European goals, European advantages - The process of conquest: stratified state societies, egalitarian subsistence societies - Conclusions: impact of colonialism - to understand colonialism, we must look at it as a 2-way process; but also connected to faces of capitalist of Europer - in this equation: 1 side, colonizing European forces and to think about them we must look at the kind of society that gives rise to European expansion and drive to expand outside Europefeudal and mercantile society rose, then, industrial capitalist society from this expansion - the colonial experiences, even though had similar processes and features, at same time, varied widely across regions/within regions i.e. knowing colonialism in India, cannot fully understand colonialism in Peru, etc. - there were 3 factors that impacted nature of colonialism: 1. Nature of colonizers 2. Nature of how they colonized. 3. Time frame of colonization African Case (last week video): - describe process by which Europe partitions Africa, and assign parts of the territory to 5-6 different countries partition in late 19 century through territorial control - Africa: stratified state societies, and colonizers were fast growing capitalists societies ->look for sources of raw material that would fuel Europe more. - They introduced system that displaced people from land, and forced wage workstill remains as important tension in Africa from the white settlers - British: indirect rule: approach that acknowledges that there are already structures of hierarchy and organizations in parts of region, and might me more effective to let local leaders to become agents of colonialismpartnership with colonizers - The French: decided policy of total assimilationthose societies needed to give up cultures and organizations and assimilate into French values (Eurocentric) China case: - no territorial control of china, but there is establishment of HK as separate state of china, and controlled by Britain - this is a case of indirect control, through the use of force opium war (video) all about UK need to open china to trade - the colonized was equally powerful, developed state based society - opium was a mechanism, and excuse to open trade in a state that did not want to free trade, that wasn’t really “free” - * compare different experiences of colonialism, and videos on exam* Colonialism in Latin America: - LA was conquered by primarily 2 European powers, during 1500’s, Portuguese and Spaniards were most skillful sailors, and had the technology to travel overseas - Timeframe: lasted 1500-1820’s (mercantilism) - this type of colonialism was feudal and mercantile, the type of colonialism helps us understand whatever were the primary goals of the colonizersIberian Goals  control of trade routes (spices used as currency and preserve food, silk), resource extraction, territorial occupation (feudal societies that valued owning land, powers rested on ownership of landcultural based belief) , drive in Europe to reassert power of Christianity (the “reconquest of Spain” & mission to expand Christianity worldwideidea to civilize a pagan society
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