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Last Lecture (What can we do? What is our role in development?)

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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Eduardo Canel

First term: - development = contested fieldcontested in two ways because there are multiple contending, opposing ideas of what development should be and how. There isn’t a single approach or definition that everyone agrees to. Emphasis of human collectivities. This results in changes in policy. - definitions & explanations (what, why how?): stress and change over time of development, there are atleast two ways of explaining why development happens (modernization/dependency) - development = power relations Second term: processes - development from above/below: - technical or social solutions: - Urban development: try to highlight two things: 1: there are significant structural constraints that limit the urban poor of the South (rise of squatters, marginal communitys; linked with colonialism, underdevelopment, etc.) also that cities are spaces of opportunity and in spite of structural problems, people cope and create opportunities for themselves (creating jobs, collective strategies, Via El Salvador) - at the end of the course, people can make a difference, when coming together we can create positive change to build communities - there are many experiences which set very important examples - development:: is not a netural term for it expreses power relations in society. We suggested that the ideas with development were cutlturally biased, theyre reflected values of global North, Western experiences - in doing so, we undervalued other cultures and their experiences, in constructing a society, modernization also constructed societies that we should not value. And that development was not about this disinterested actionits not about altruism, a society that helps another, we suggested that sicne development is much about power, than necessarily, development is about many self-interestd parties asserting their interests in process of development - these groups have differences in power, the south and north aren’t really partners in tackling underdevelopment - development not just about economic growth: often economic growth can go hand in hand with increased inequalities. We also suggested that the key question in development should be how resources can be distributed in society for those who need it the most (growth vs equity: we should be concerned with our economics, but also who are the beneficiaries) - changes of how development is defined: changes and shifts from how human development is approached. This new consensus asserts that firstly, development isn’t simply rather there are great complexities, secondly, underdevelopment is an multi dimensional process and these dimensions intersect each other in particular contexts. As part of this consensus, development is a multi causes process. - Solutions: if problems are complex, so should our solutions - Quick fix solutions: technical solutions to development do not work, and often they worsen the problem - Universal solutions It was implied that universal solutions would work everywhere. Given experiences of cultures of global south, we cannot create universalistic approaches to development, they have to be made to local contexts (culturally appropriate) - Key ques
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