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Urbanization in the 3rd World Lecture

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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Eduardo Canel

- cities are also cultural and social spaces - human collectivities can actually change their own structures - cities of global south have their own culture - cities in the third world have a particular lifestyle that we can call street centre (lot of activity) sites for political demonstrations, carnivals, markets, cultural happenings, etc. CITY STREETS - cities are spaces where commercial activity takes place - people who are mobile, provide services and selling goods - place for entertainment, community gathering - in context of global south, there is all kinds of political activitiesthe street is a public space that is appropriated by people expressing dissatisfaction with governments, neo-liberal policies, etc. - people will also engage in social activities, cook, prepare household tasks on the street - traffic laws are easily broken - public land: threatened by squatters effort by urban poor to claim right to housing = making their poverty visible in the city Urban Poor: - optimistic: you can see a growing trend: peasants who could not adapt to city life, resort to squatter settlements, because they cannot sustain to be “modern citizens” - Marginality Theory: urban poor are outsiders, not mainstream - From this perspective, urban marginality is an anthesis to integration those inside the mainstream contribute to urban life (culturally, politically, economically, etc), while those on the periphery are not and are more of a drain - They are still highly creative, entrepreneurial etc even though they are poor. Provide essential services. Show themselves self reliant and demonstrate the entrepreneurial spirit modernizationists want…can be argued that they are the true capitalists. - - Other view is less optimistic…argues that looking at the squatter settlements shows peasants that migrated from rural areas are illequipped to adapt to city life…they lack the attributes to become modern, urban citizens….this perspective is called marginality theory. It argues that these poor are outsiders to a city. Three Dimensions: account for people’s marginality 1. Space (dimension): (spatial marginality) you can identify those are marginalized by their settlement the physical space (mainstream, outsider, insider, etc.) 2. Economic: whether individuals are marginal in rel
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