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Urban Development Lecture

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1430
Eduardo Canel

Urban Development - - when peasants become displaced by urbanization, they either have to make the transition to the city, or work as proletariats - this lecture: examine life in cities, factors that push people out of rural areaspush and pull factors - “urban explosion” in the third world, dramatic increase of cities - UN: called this the Urban Millenium: there are more people in cities than rural areas - UN Report: 3.2 billion live in cities (greater than human population in 1960’s) - From our perspective: most of urban growth has taken place in global south, only 16% lived in cities in 1990, then 40% in 1999 - 15 largest cities in world are located in global south = significant changes to urban planning; transit, employment, infrastructure - “the poor don’t have the personality to fit in the cities” = wrong: video shows how creative they are to produce incomeinformal sector - Urbanization: is - Cities: relatively large, dense and permanent settlement of socially heterogeneous individuals cities bring people from different backgrounds together - Cities are not just physical spaces but also socio-cultural places; in process of brining people together, creates social relations and imprints its own identity giving distinct mode of life - Cities: spatial expression of social relations based on power - How much power differences are at city life? - Specific features of global south are connected to history of colonialism, dependency, and underdevelopmentimportant to understand - History of colonialism has left imprint on cities of third world - Primacy: is a particular condition that effects global south, where largest city in the country is atleast twice as large as the second largest city = situations where the majority end up living in one city (extreme concentration and power [cultural, economic, political] and becomes hub of life for the country) - situation where countries resources primarily directed to that one cnetre = space where most important decisions are made for the country (economic decisions/political at the expense of rural areas) - this inequity = due to long-term colonialism (reproduction of centre periphery region in the city itself)takes resources from rural/small areas in a disproportionate manner - Urban Biased: a condition in which government policy tend to favor cities at the expense of rural areas - social and spatia
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