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Legacy of Colonialism in Africa, Post-Colonialism Lecture.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Soren Frederiksen

Lecture dec. 7 2010 Movie: The Legacy of Colonialism in Africa - french colonies backed by paris - dictatorship of colonial times: those who would speak out would be harmed - Ugandan leaders/dictators would come to power from the failure derived from the colonial legacy - secret murders/tortures of opponents, and started war with Tanzanians - problems of current conflict-nations all have connection to colonial legacies - war with Tanzania/Uganda, and other wars in Africa caused by tribalismnigera : strong propaganda taught the people to fight or face genocide - the british made Nigeria into 3 regions = tribal conflict - nigera tries to satisfy western needs - many African countries have become very corrupt (bribery in hospitals/governments) - Africa debts of foreign debt x4 since 1970’s - Multinational companies/firms are happy to provide expensive/commercial goods - as costs of imports rise, exports prices fall - rich countries prevent Africa from having higher prices exports - rich countries not only make Africans need their goods, but also to WANT their goods = harm economics of Africa LECTURE POST COLONIAL SOCIETY - OBSTACLES TO NATIONAL UNITY - it was easier to unite against colonialism, then to unit in post-industrial period - many challenges faced third world optimism of a free/independent nation = pessimistic results - war (tribalism/religion/ethnicity) - colonial heterogeneity countries created with formal governments, laws, boundaries, but cultural sense in belonging to a single nation was a deeper challenge - CLASS INEQUALITIES - under colonial system there were local groups that had greater access to resources/opportunity and in context to countries created after post- colonialism, many upper class groups saw chance of reasserting/establishing themselves as new elites in the developing countries = deepening of class inequalities Can’t make democracy if there s severe inequalities - POOR ECONOMIC INTEGRATION - 2 legacies of colonialism: (1) economies turned to productive units that served external needs (looking out, not in), serve the needs of West/North instead of selves. (2) Countries after independence had economic enclaves that had many activities - POOR COMMUNICATION - Services of transportation, technology, etc. only facilitated the export of the raw goods externally  undermined the possibility of building a sense f nationhood and encouraged maintenance of local/regional royalties - BUILDING NATIONAL UNITY - Adoption of colonial blueprint - Building statehoodbuilding systems of administrative, political systems appropriate, etc. =
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