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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Eduardo Canel

International Development Studies Sept. 17- Lecture 1 Types of development: - Development as progress - Development as economic growth - GDP/ GDP per capita - Human needs development - Defining human needs - Basic needs approach/ capability approach - Human development index Black: Development - Demystify as inherently good - Experienced not as opportunity but as damage - often seems to create more problems than it solves - Communities are often victimized - Serves the powerful over the poor - The politics of development has no neutrality - Given outcomes, is this concept still useful? - argues what we do with the concepts is questionable but the idea shouldn’t be abandoned - Fight for the idea Haslam et al. - Questions how countries in development has been labelled - problemitize very process of labelling; developing, Global South, etc. -Cultural assumptions, normative assumptions, unstated understanding - The field of development studies should aim to explain: - Differences in opportunities + choice - Diversity of human experience - Common patterns of experience Truman: 1949 - made his speech about the underdeveloped world - After the end of WW2, US was embarking on programs that aimed to make advances for scientific knowledge available to improve conditions outside + inside US - Financially have technology to help each - Imperialism has no place Development as Progress - ethical/moral questions Intellectual Roots: - Rise of modernity= period of the great transformation - refers to rapid social change experience in Europe in mid 1700s- 1800s - Marked progress to industrial confidence - European societies began to think of development + social change - permeate the idea that human intervention can transform the world - Modern technology + modern society can control natural environment - “Masters of their own destiny” – to improve human condition - Economic institutions turn to industrialization and market economies - Become primary form of exchange - Political institutions turn to nations/state + liberal democracy - modern era- rapid social change - Intellectuals tended to be optimistic - to create evolutionary positive change Progress: - process of going from less desirable to more desirable conditions - cities tended to get better - Created a series of typologies: Classification of types - Ex. Communist v. Capitalist, simple to complex - Based on technology, complexity of political system - Saw human/societal evolution as transition from simple to complex, traditional to modern, Inferior to superior - Significant value judgements -Movement towards western style modernity (Industrial capitalism) - desirable society are compared to 20% of the world population - 80% were described as living undesirably Truman: Development - synonymous with progress - movement - moving out of “primitive and stagnant conditions” Assessment - Development is not neutral - power + inequalities – must figure out what has to be done - what might be common sense are produced by ways of thinking of development - Legitimize + marginalize against ideas that challenge ideas formed from common sense - Colonists: created colonies that colonized people in need of civilization - Church debated whether natives had souls - legitimized interventions in the name of civilization - Reflects perspective of western societies - DC- “good societies” -all aspire to become developed - UDCs are represented in terms of what they lack in negative terms - Process of naming is a constant remi
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