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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Outline of lecture: We have always been a nation of immigrants? But Canada was not an empty land when the first Europeans arrived. 1. Migration today is a world-wide phenomenon. 2. Canadian migration, class relations, gender & settlement: a l

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1510
Professor
Carla Lipsig- Mumme
Semester
Fall

Description
AP SOSC 1510 - lecture Wednesday, September 22, 2010 Outline of lecture: We have always been a nation of immigrants? But Canada was not an empty land when the first Europeans arrived. 1. Migration today is a world-wide phenomenon. 2. Canadian migration, class relations, gender & settlement: a look back in time. 3. Coming to work in Canada: several meanings. 1. Migration today is a world-wide phenomenon.  A world on the move o 214 million migrants today (United Nations) o +37% in 20 years  One of the most powerful direct & indirect social forces & political shapers o When large % of young/educated in country like Poland choose to work in England & Germany, migration matters o We know that migration is not done easily o Eg. Germany has for 30 years+ since 70s had much of manufacturing unskilled done by Turkish, difficult time getting in o Migration is from need & sparks really heavy political debates, worldwide phenomenon developed recently o This is large time for migration  Yet the issues of immigration not on the radar in the 1970s o Asia & Africa = large desperate migration since WW2  See slide for Table of world-wide 214 million migrants o All countries over last 20 years since 1990, significant rise in immigration vs. countries decrease or increased less than 2% o Countries in decrease side, even though 70% now, was more 20 years ago  simply for people not born in country o Ethnic Russians going home, Former Soviet Republics decrease o There are countries increasing & decreasing people taking in, even when have big numbers, still decreasing o Unskilled labour taken in massively & sent back, etc. o People on the move big time, bigger than everything since 1950 Terms  Home countries & host countries o Home countries = ppl leave to elsewhere  Poor countries, left to go to wealthy countries  Eg. Spain absorbed lots over last 15 years  People took unskilled jobs in host countries that ppl in host countries didn’t want  Largely difficulty to choose stay or leave o Host countries = countries that receive immigrants  Anxious, will get too much immigration  Eg. Big article on how much Philippine’s economy depends on the money sent home by women working abroad as nurses, domestics, social works  5 ways that migration is new: o Migration is global  people are moving everywhere, country to country in Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America o Money sent home supports national economies  Eg. young Polish w/ good degrees work in Britain & France construction, $ sent home represents 2% GDP of Poland  Economy dependent of each other  Host country receives work for cheaper & home country is receiving money o Feminisation of migration  New, before 1970s women who migrated from poor home countries came w/ family who decided to move, now women in caring professions are moving on own, willing to be way from children & send money home  Transforms education opportunities for children left @ home, there’s distancing of mothers for years o Technology  New, cell phones, skype, etc. To connect mothers & family o Expectations that gov’t & national sovereignty set the rules  Large enough migration of ppl, real question of sovereignty of countries, ppl assume gov’t will regulate migration  Sovereignty crumbled under weight of numbers & Gov’t & national sovereignty is challenged by large scale immigration  Anxiety  fear of affecting life, jobs ehostility towards immigrants
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