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SOSC 1650 (1)

CRIM 1650 week 1-4

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1650
James Williams

CRIM 1650 thSeptember 11 2012 thSeptember 18 2012 Crime has been on a decrease since 1991About a 6 decrease on Canadian crime ratelowest level since 19721973Passed 10 years crime has dropped by about 26 and since peak roughly 40Vast majority of decrease is based on property offences breakins motor vehicle theftProperty crime is at its lowest level in about 30 yearsGradual decline of about 4 in violent crimes since 2001Homicide rate has increasedroughly 600 homicides across Canada in 2011General downward trend in youth violent crime about 3vast majority of incidents are generally minor in nature level 1common assaultsfights pushing pullingVast majority of crimes of violence are by individuals we knowgreatest threat are usually people who are known to usWinnepeg had highest rate of violent crime followed by Saskatoon thunder bay reginathToronto was 11 behind Halifax montreal colona BCCausal research evidence has proven the statementFALSE weak correlation with being exposed to media violence and subsequent aggressive or criminal behaviourParental involvement could account for time spent watching tv and committing crime just a possible factor Corporate white collar crime is more expensive than street crimeeconomic crime costs US roughly 4 biollion dollars each yearcrisis from 2008 caused about 300 billion dollars with estimates of a trillion dollars in economic costs No documented case where kids have been harmed by foreign objects put in their candy by strangers on HalloweenEG James Joseph Smithput needles in snicker bars and gave them to children on Halloweengenerally an urban legendGet Tough programs have not been proven to reduce rates of future offenders EG Project Turnaround in Ontarioissues around funding and limited evidence of effectivenessCanada has one of the strictest youth justice systems in the worldhigher incarceration rate for young offendersup until 2003 there was no provision for parole2003 Youth Criminal Justice ActSearch for alternatives to prisonnumber of juveniles has declined by 42Similarities between pharmacological properties of some prescription drugs and street drugsDefinition of CrimeWhat is criminologyinterdisciplinary united simply by common interest in crimeWhat is Crime and who are the CriminalsCrime is incredibly common widespread in our society and is not confined to small number of repeat offendersAbout 10 of Canadians have criminal records In US about 90 of Americans have committed a crime for which they could be incarceratedCrime is diverse Crime in Criminals are normalcriminals are predisposed to crime by biological psychological reasons while others are perfectly law abiding citizensFALSEno line drawn between criminal and noncriminalContinuum of Crime and DevianceWhere the line is drawn between crime and deviance is arbitrarydepends on societal valuesHow do we establish what should be included in the criminal code as a crime
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