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Lecture on 'Children in Canada Today' Chapter 3

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Social Science
SOSC 1800
Shirley Ramsarran

May 28 , 2013 Albanese’s ‘Children in Canada Today’, Chapter 3  research about children, primarily, up to this point was done by adults  adults giving their perspective on the child’s perspective  sometimes there were interviews with children  results were limited  -development: memory work, Albanese doesn’t discuss o regarding adults remembering our childhood  asking adults about their childhood is difficult at times, may not remember everything, may embellish  trying to show us how flawed our memories are o what we choose to remember, what not remember – always a problem there  guardian or other experts, teachers – give insights into what children do  much of research done has been valuable  shift in movement of research in children, instead of speaking to adults and asking them to remember their childhood, we’re going to interview children and get first person perspective  Why didn’t we do this before? Maybe up until 20 years ago children were to be seen not heard o our generation changed this, technology changed this – children at age of 3 can do things with technology, so to look at children as if they aren’t capable of thinking etc. is inaccurate, we can see their intellectual capabilities o see children participating in society, pop culture all about different age group o need to be inclusive of children in research process  researchers are accepting that kids can accurately narrate their experience  we can be amazed how much kids can construct their reality, how much they can know or even lie  we should not dismiss their insight into their own reality, we should be aware – treat them as adults in a certain sense o children as consumers are being listened to – what to sell to this generation that has so much disposable income o consider thrust in marketing to use children – la senza girl, pink – trend to get them into adulthood fast as possible (lingerie for younger girls)  Epistemology  how do you know what you know – what is knowledge? o Prof believes in looking at human experiences o Cannot predict them, can study them – science may be accurate but there’s always the human element, not always accounted for  Ontology, Methodology and epistemology – what is reality  Research can be done macro approach or micro approach – big/small study  Different types of research in terms of goals of research o Explanatory why something is happening o Explorative = - breaking new grounds – why o Descriptive o Missing one here  Depending on your epistemology you might to macro approach micro approach  Deductive research – begins with theory of hypothesis to test o Already have a o A actually caused B – causal relationship between A and B  Inductive – have an idea, want to explore in more detail in greater depth and find out o You use grounded theory to do analysis (not on test) o Might do interviews, 25 people, quantum amount of info, have to read, ground theory step by step process – 4-5 hours to transcribe, might end up with 25-30 pages to read o What grounded theory does is says when you’re reading this is what you’ll look for, makes it manageable  Single point in time – research design you’re going to use is called cross-sectional study o You want cross-section of population o Various portions done at same time 
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