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Lecture 4

Winter week 4

3 Pages

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1800

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• United States never signed the ERC so child labor could still be • Sustained under-aged employment - defines child labor. ◦ Saying "all child labor is bad" is a very totalizer statement. ‣ Should make the distinction between harmful child labor and child work that is not exploitative and not hazardous - it may in fact let children feel empowered. ‣ So we should not see child work as a bad thing necessarily. Should have a type of continuum. • Historically, child work was viewed as a contribution to the family economy. • Cunningham says we should get away from that moralistic perspective to understand this a bit better. • With the industrialize revolution we get these harmful exploits of child labor, which in turn emerges the Western anti-child labor discourse. ◦ It does not make the distinction between good and bad child work: all child labor is bad. ◦ Child labor discourse focuses on the third world and away from the first. ‣ Important not to fall into focus of the third world and forget to focus on the first world. ◦ The displacement and global condensation lead us to an understanding that were dealing with symptoms of repression. • The whole issue of child labor is tied to child rights. However child labor is old, children always worked. While children's rights is a very recent thing (1989-1990). • While taking place in the third world, child labor is very much connected to the first worlds. Companies do not ensure health, safety, or dignity for the people (children) working for our consumption. Positive elements of child work • Child empowerment, good for child economy. History of child labor in the west. • History of Partners in family economy. ◦ Children seen as partners in the household economy where they were expected to participate. ◦ Starts all the way from hunting, gathering, breeding. • Once the industrial revolution comes in, that familial relation goes away. Gets into industrial employment. possible until today. In England, around the 1920's, child labor was large in the mining area, bringing the worst conditions. 16 hour day. • In 1832, Marx came out with the 10 hour bill. Cunningham tries to break thomsons moral discourse. Hgc offers five points in the history of child labor. 1. Pos
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