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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1910
Kerry Taylor

02/15/12 Lecture#17 The Model of Paternalism/Patriarchy  A hierarchy dominated by males  There is nothing inferior about women; they are a group of people who have been inferiorized  Model based on assumed differences between sexes  Since women are believed to be the weaker sex and inferior in every way the model takes shapes Invalidation Myth- weaker sex, emotional/irrational, less intelligent  The idea that women are naturally inferior  This belief has resulted in “gender role subordination”  We’re looking at the model of patriarchy as it applies to women…think about it as operating as master and servant  This doesn’t just happen in our customs but in law as well Paternalism part of model  Women and children historically were seen to be under the protection of males  They were taken care of because it was assumed that they were unable to take care of themselves  As long as women obeyed what they were told they were treated in a kind manner  This model is based on the authority of males over women and children which is based on the assumption that men are the superior members of the human species and so have a right to run the social system  The presumed right to decide what women’s place is  But unlike children, for women this is a permanent condition  Historically, men were give the right to total power  Historically, legally women were considered to be property, they had no ownership rights over real property and no voting rights  This is because women were not considered persons in the eyes of law  Historically, women were the subjects of the discipline of their husbands  Old legal rule “the rule of thumb”  punishment/aggression was appropriate as long as it was done with something no bigger than a thumb  How society has evolved- over time the economic base of our society has changed  Back in the Industrial revolution we started to see a drastic increase in wage work  With this many people in the family, women and children, worked  There was also legislation to protect women and children from harsh work conditions, mandatory schooling for children and attempts to keep women and children out of the workforce  This was the beginning of “maternal feminism” The separation of life into public and private  Artificially made  Maternal feminism  securing rights for women in the home  It deeply entrenched the notion that woman’s place was in the home which kept the division of labour alive  Division of labour- women were kept away from access from work because it was considered a man’s job  A women who had to work said that a man couldn’t do his job to care for his family  Men would be paid a family wage, they would earn enough to support an entire family  A long time ago, this wasn’t the case for most people…they weren’t actually paid enough to support their families  For racialized minorities this was not the case which further inferiorized a population because women attached to these men had to go out and work  The problem is that the overall system of public and private is structured under the assumption that the woman was not working at home  This is where we start to see the “DOUBLE DAY PHENOMENON” this is where women worked outside for wages and still did the majority of house work  This pattern existed until the 50’s  The UVHR in 1948 started to talk about gender equality  In 1979 the UN adopted specific convention for women “a woman’s bill of right”  We can see that data from the 1950’s says that after men returned from the war only 10% of women were working which was not true…  All of our law worked under the assumption that married women did not work  Women who worked were overlooked in these policies  The assumption that women were all the same doesn’t work out  Even when married or single women entered the workforce in the 60’s law and policies changed very little  Women were working longer after they were married and returning to work after their kids grew up  By the 70’s 50% of women were working  Two ideas that didn’t change: Domestic and reproductive labour was still women’s work, the idea that males were the family bread winners  Women’s place in the public workforce were de-valued, assumed that women weren’t committed to their jobs because their real work was at home taking care of house, kids and husband  The reproductive and labour work was never compensated even after marriages broke down Film -CASE  Murdoch vs. Murdoch case – case went to court and Mrs. Murdoch said she actually had interest in the business of ranch they said no she was doing what a wife should have been  1) Women were paid less for doing the same job just because they were women  We have systemically based low wages for women built into our market system  2) Women were hired to do “women’s jobs” domestic jobs and were paid lower wages because women were doing them  They were part times jobs with no benefits  Women were excluded because of women’s perceived inability…the idea that women couldn’t do the job  Some of the exclusion was based on lack of qualification because of women’s credentials  For a long time women’s education was based on her being a house wife  Just as racialized minorities, women were streamed in education  They were required to take home economics, typing, dictating (write down what was being said)  Education- women weren’t expected to go to university or professional schools  Up until the 60’s under 20% of people at schools were women  The education sys
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