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Control of Opportunities.docx

4 Pages

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1910
Kerry Taylor

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Jan 23, 2012  There is an image of Canada as a white Canada. Racialized Canadians are seen as foreigners who are unlawful and undesirable. Racialized Canadians face hardships.  These groups have demanded apologizes and other forms of redresses that would create better opportunities for them. A: KEY CONCEPTS Social Value and Market Value of Race “Racialization or the social construction of race produces two major outcomes in race. First, there is social ____ which is manifested in the Canadians view of which groups are socially desirable or undesirable according to racial origin. Second, racial groupings are associated with unequal earnings in the market, but those of European origins have higher averaged earnings than non-white Canadians. The disparity persists even after intergroup differences in schooling and other factors are taken into account.” “The social value and market value associated with racial origin shows how society can be developed. Concrete manifestations of what otherwise would be an abstract notion of race.” Peter Lee Race is something that is imagined. The concept of black, white, etc. are socially constructed. Africville The dominant group controlled land in order to discriminate blacks. Market Value & Social Value— Blacks were seen as having low social value. They were seen as unworthy of occupying the land. Social Exclusion Peter Lee-- This has happened through the historical institutionalization of discrimination and race. Legal and customary sanctions that uphold the economic supremacy under one rope, which is the white rope, in society over the racialized group. The groups benefiting from these institutionalized rules defend these normalized rules or sanctions that prohibitually condemn through systemic rules and policies. These structures reproduce themselves and ensure that the process of privilege continue in this way that exclusion and privilege in Canada is institutionalized and systemically structured around race, gender, and class. A process of dehumanization Racial discrimination follows a process of dehumanization and dehumanizing the oppressed. It provides the dominant group the mindset that legitimizes discrimination and avoids responsibility. Intersection of race, class, and gender B: KEY LEGISLATION TO PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS IN CANADA After WWII, things were implemented in order to stop atrocities against human beings. Multicultural Act of 1988- This act affirms the policy of the government to ensure that every Canadian gets equal treatment by the government and gets to celebrate diversity. It does not address the systemic discrimination. Canada attempted to do this in 1984. Justice Roseline Abella presided over the Royal Commission on Equality in Employment. She coined the term Employment Equity (different from the USA’s one which is affirmative action). This act was an addition to the Canadian Human Rights Act. The main difference between the two laws is that the CHRA merely prohibits discrimination. The Employment Equity Act requires employers to engage in proactive measures to improve the employment opportunities of discrete groups. Limitation is that it only covers employees who are federally regulated. Ontario Employment Equity Act was passed in 1993 by the NDP government, but Mike Harris revoked it. This act was powerful because it asked all employers to implement positive measures with respect to recruitment, hiring, retention, treatment, promotion, and employment On the surface it seems like the government has addressed racism, but they have simply dismissed it. C: DIMENSIONS OF RACISM - CONTROL OF OPPORTUNITY KEY OUTCOMES and CONCERNS It is predicted that by 2015, racialized individuals will make up 20% of Canada’s population. They will mostly be settling in urban centres. Canada tries to portray itself as a multicultural society, but insitutuions exclude people based on class, gender, and race. All patterns of discrimination continue in new ways.
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