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Lecture 11

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1910
Dorathy Moore

Paternalism/ Patriarchy SOSC 1210 Feb 24/ 10 1. The model of patriarchy 2. Social changes and the persistence of patriarchy a. Maternal feminism b. Early liberal feminism Case law  Racism series o Philips case- principle how we de-racialize an issue o RDS/Sparks- case of the black judge- the court tried to come to grips with the context of young black men being stopped by a white police officer- judge contextualized it;  Gays and Lesbians- revolve don 2 principles 1) Establishing grounds for discrimination in HR codes- fed and provincial- Mossop & Vriend 2) The charter- how things were read in; analogous-Egan Feminists: fight for social equality of women and men Model of Paternalism/ Patriarchy- similar to colonialism 1) Invalidation myth: weaker sex, emotional;/ irrational, less intelligent 2) Inferiorized attribute: sex 3) Invalidation ideology: sexism 4) Majority policy: regulation to the private sphere, gender role subordination (master/ servant relationship), obedience required (might= right) 5) Outcome: created dependency (on males or the state), collective disadvantage, systemic inequality.  Just as there is an ethno-racial hierarchy, There is also a patriarchal hierarchy  Just as there is nothing inherently inferior in racialized populations, though they are inferiorized, the same applies to women  Model is based on assumed differences btwn the sexes  Historically males are assumed to be superior based on the notion that might is right  Women were believed to be the weaker sex, as a result innately inferior in every way; including intellectually  One of the invalidation myths; women are naturally inferior  Wide spread believe has resulted in Gender Subordination  in its origins the patriarchy of women I si along master servants lines  case in which systemic discrimination is a large problem; structured into the social system  not just our customs but the law as well  historically women and children were considered to be under the protection of males  in the case of adult women unmarried, they were under the protection of their father  they were taken care of b/c they were assumed to take care of themselves  as long as the “obeyed” masters they were treated in a kindly way  model that is based on the authority of males over women and children and the authority based on the assumption that men are the super ordinate of the species dn thus have the right to run the social system  for women and female children this is a permanent condition  men had the right to total authority to govern, establish the rules  historically women considered to be property; had no rights to property, no voting rights, were not considered persons, subject to the discipline of the male figure  The Persons case-  The Rule of thumb- man had right to disciple wives so long as it was not bigger than his thumb Social Changes  Overtime the economic base of society has changed; big increase in wage work with industrial revolution and many of the family worked, including children  Movement in England, Over time legislation to protect women and children against harsh working conditions  Resulted in mandatory schooling for children and the attempt to keep women out of the labour force  This is the beginning of Maternal Feminism Maternal Feminism  Resulted dint he artificial division of the public and private spheres of life  Chun suggests that reforms under this feminism had some unintended consequences  Reinforced idea that women’s place was in the home and out of the public sphere  As women were increasingly denied access to wage work in the public sphere, if she did have to work, the man was considered ‘deficient’; not a real man  The classic division of labour- legitimate work; reproductive labour(child bearing, rearing) and domestic labour  Men were assumed to be responsible for wage labour for financial support of the family  Family wage- Was assumed that men were paid enough to support the entire family  This assumption was not entirely valid- many not paid enough to support fam  In Canada racialized minorities, immigrants and unskilled labour  Not paying family wages further inferiorized these populations  Meant that women attached to these males had no choice but to work-either in the declared and undeclared labour markets(private work)  System was structured as though women were not working  Assumed that women was at home supporting the labour of her husband  Beginning of the double day phenomenon; Social standard that Women working outside the home and doing the domestic labour in the home  That pattern still evident in 1950s until period in WWII were it was acceptable for women to work  Early 1940s to end of WWII there were more women than men in the labour force  The UDHR made gender equality an issue in 1948  Not until 1979 that the UN adopted the convention of the elimination of all discrimination against women- general woman’s bill of HR  All of our law and policies were based on the assumption that women did not work  Even when women married and enter work force in 60s policies and laws changed very little  By 1960s women were working longer after marriage  By 1970 51 % of married women were working  However there were 2 things that did not change 1) The idea that domestic and reproductive labour was still women’s work 2) Idea that men were the breadwinners not women  Womens work outside the home was devalued because it was believed that
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