Class Notes (836,052)
Canada (509,597)
York University (35,292)
Social Science (3,019)
SOSC 1910 (74)

SOSC 1910 Lecture Notes.doc

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Social Science
SOSC 1910
Indira Somwaru

Page 1 January 7, 2014 Overall Discussion on Development and Global South • Industrialization as Development • Hirschman and Kitching: - No real alternatives - Inevitability of industrialization, urbanization, and large scale production • Limitations in their arguments: - Development is more than material affluence - Development planning cannot simply be based on economies of scale • Ecologically Sustainable Industrialization • Emerging Consensus - Protection and Preservation of Biodiversity - Pollutants Reduction - Changes in Products and Services - New Business Processes The Development State • The African Experience - Sub. African was exploited more. - The British, French, Italians and Dutch, their main interest was to extract resources. • South East Asia (Taiwan, Singapore, etc.) - Japan was the big power & was not industrialized. - Main interest was to have access to land. - To have more food, by exploiting other countries. - Didn’t implement any system of slavery until ww2 (women). - Had to always fight with Chinese to maintain their power. • Post-Independence: - Capital Dependence and Technological Dependence - Market and Management Dependence - Conflicting National Identities • Import Substitution Industrialization - First- Generation Plans: Infrastructure and Social Sector. Page 2 - Successful Country of “First Generation Plans”: Ghana (first introduced in 1959, only 20% of its economy. 1970 increases to 80%). - Second- Generation Plans: Productive Sector and Industrialization. - External Factors: US, Europe  they did not easily accept imports, there were high tariffs and trade barriers. - Early 19th century the oil crisis: New International Economic Order (NIEO). Mostly countries in the Middle East created OPEC (Oil Petroleum Exporting Country). They accumulated so much money during those years that they had to invest the money in somewhere. Instead of investing of investing in their own countries, the invested in the US commercial banks. - In the late 19 century, there was a lot of loans in commercial banks with low interest rates. Many of the countries that borrowed the money were authoritarian countries. • Import Reduction • Indigenization of the Economy • The East Asian Experience (Taiwan and South Korea) - Three major External Factors: 1. Powerful Chinese cultural influence 2. Infrastructural help provided by Japan 3. Western aid and technology transfer - External Factors: Regarded by the US as countries that could easily copy the technologies that were produced in the West. And they did so to improve their technologies. - Three major Internal Features: 1. Limited natural resource 2. Population and population growth 3. Labour force 4. Will to “modernize” - Internal Factors: Had no national resource. Therefore leading them to develop new technologies. They were small in size with a large population. Did not have to rely on immigration for work. Book Review - Provide a brief summary of the book (an overview) Page 3 - Your take about what the author is talking about (not about your opinion of the book) - Central idea (what is the author the author trying to say) - What sources does he draw from? His own experiences maybe? - What is he able to actually prove? In the end conclusion… Does the author succeed in what he was trying to do/say? - What else can you Critiques: What he doesn’t say, what he leaves out, his bias (if he has one), certain issues the author isn’t saying - It is a reflection on what the author is saying or not saying. NOT YOUR OPINON. - Counter arguments about what is going on during the time period the book is written January 21, 2014 What are Human Rights? Positive vs Negative Rights Debate on Basic Rights Universalism vs Cultural Relativism - Criticism/Debate: The declaration (1948) doesn’t reflect the values of everyone.
More Less

Related notes for SOSC 1910

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.