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Health in Crisis Class 14.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 2150
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Christy Leung Health in Crisis Class 14 Jan. 24/11 Food Production – Agrobusiness Food Production and Health - The food resources that we have is a key factors in helping to produce health - The better food we eat, the better the impact it is for our lives - Predominate discussion is about “Obesity” – overweight and the consequences for people’s health - Potential negative impact on our health due to poor food choices - The dramatic transformation on food production and consumption has altered our health Transformations in farming - (1) farming has become more large scale to the point where farms together are agriculture by Agro-Industrial Complex and TNCs - (2) farms are growing single type of crops than a vast majority of fruits and vegetables - Mono-crop farming  Growing only ONE certain type of crop; no rotation of the crops; mono- approach are also used in animals; farmers used to mix crops but now they resemble industrial types of enterprises - Mono-crop findings started after WWII, there was a need to produce a larger economy of scale - There was a greater demand for food than before; thus farmers must constantly grow their food faster - Increasingly a desire to produce more and cost effectively; larger deals could be generated - Growth of the chemical industry after WWII, pesticides and fertilizers that could aid in the production in food – farmer production - Fertilizer could stimulate growth and warn off infestation of bugs - Animal stocks have been “beefed” up with artificial growth hormone; increase chance of disease spreading - Anti-biotic type drugs were given to animal to prevent diseases - (3) genetically modified food - Faster maturing and disease immune plants and animal Agro-Industrial Complex - Growth of transnational corporations that dominant agricultural production - (1) rapid concentration of power in the hands of a few trans-agro industrialization - (2) horizontal integration – buying up companies in relations to production - Farm families has been replaced by giant corporate farms – owned and controlled - (3) mass production methods // large economy in scale – battery farms; thousands of chickens housed in a small containment raised for slaughter – animals are unable to move in pens - Intensification of production methods – tends to use more fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, antibiotics, growth hormones, and other forms of genetic modification to speed up production - The trends for TNC is to drive down prices for the farming industry which led many farm families to steep into poverty - Movement of large corporate farms has generally displaced Indigenous farmers, frequently
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