Health lecture: income and health
When we look at issue of economic inequality and health income and
economics like your class status is central factors affecting your health. Its
worse for people that is poor.
Studies are starting to show is that economic inequality doesn’t just impact
the poor. The studies tend to show that the more income inequality the
worse the health is overall in that context not just the poor.
Class status has implication for your health
Income determines your ability to access health resources (membership at
the gym, better food)
Lifestyle model says to eat healthy foods but u need the income
Having an income is important to purchase food
Income also lets you relieves stress and have a good job, better employment
stability, it can come down to pay the rent or feed the kids single mothers are
Having income effects what you do: lower cost housing are more highly
industrialized areas of town or beside high ways and that is located in more
polluted area in the town.
Relationship between health and income: determines ability to access heath
resources, working conditions, exposure to stress, self esteem, social support
High level of violence gets a lot of stress for people
Having higher income: no fear violence, less noise, live in better prettier area,
money to purchase services and resources, buy stuff that health insurance
does not get you like massage therapy, go on holidays, better paying type of
Having incomes: helps to access services and products and good to help u in
producing good health.
Work at fast food industry’s: risk of getting burned
Retail work: not great pay and standing on your feet can produce varicose
veins and lower back problems
If work in better type of job with better income: more status and respect in
People live In poverty: detrimental to your health
Lower income: less ability to rent or purchase good housing
Living in poverty: exposed more to social stresses (people blame the poor for
living in poverty and poor then receive harsh attitudes from others)
Income significance: resources u can access and living and working
What one sees globally that income and class are key factors in terms that
when we look at health from income class perspectives we see differences
from those I upper, middle, and low income people (difference shows up in
Income relates to stuff such as smoking
Health stats show: u have low income = have poor health status Class is key determinates of your health
Social gradient theory:
Whitehall and wlkinson report: stresses connection of socio economic status
and how health in terms of life expectancy and morbidity patterns and as
well rates of disability like ho many days u can be disability fre that all these
three show differentials between economic groups.
White hall: research pay more attention to attention to class
Wilkinson study: comparative work access countries and his work important
for to show that economic inequality not only impact class but also that it
was not only the poorest that were effective were economic inequality
particular region or state. This lead him to compare between different he
found if u took counties were more or less economic inequality and economic
inequality the countries that had the greater it hurt the health of the poor and
the highest income group and this lead to develop social gradient thesis.
Social gradient theory: Reflects an individual's or population group's position in society and
different access to and security of resources such as education, employment and housing,
as well as different levels of participation in civic society and control over life.
Gradient : income inequality has major imoapct on peoples health its not jusy the top and
bottom we are looking at.
Wilkinson found : when u look at Sweden and compared to Britain even
those at lower income in Sweden had better health then those of upper
income I Britain.
Income not only effects the poor but it effects all in a context were there are
significant income inequalities: social gradient theory [economic inequality is
sharpened and defined and u are going to find poor health status]
Were u see greater economic inequality they are more conservative
In the context where u have greater economic inequality there are more
What Wilkinson and marmot suggest: it isn’t actual income that determine
health but it is also the distribution of w