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Health in Crisis Class 7.docx

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 2150

Christy Leung Health in Crisis Class 7 Nov. 8 2010 Health Status - Measuring heath status - do we want to measure sickness and disease or illness? - Illness – you can feel ill but not necessarily be a diagnostic - do we measure actual incidents of the disease? - data that has been gathered through clinical heath places - if we use a statistical data, do we measure people’s accounts of not feeling well or the actual disease? - some statistical data might be under-reporting due to diagnostic problems and illness is not being recognized - we have to think about who do we gather the statistics from? (health care facilities or community level) - numerable problems when we start to try to compare the statistics between countries - Epidemiology - distribution of morbidity (disease), disability and mortality (death rates and causes of death) across populations - in attempt to explain the terms above - works on contemporary data and there is a field of historical epidemiology where they look at the historical causes - study of contemporary patterns of morbidity, disability and mortality and they use different data that is used in two categories - Quantitative vs. Qualitative approaches Quantitative - mortality rates (LE and PYLL- Potential Years Loss of premature death) – average life expectancy of the population - infant mortality – important measure of the population; highest in the first years of your life (up to age 5) children are more vulnerable to the wide variety of diseases - morbidity – leading causes of the diseases - disability (DALY and DALE) – incidents and rates of disabilities in a population; measuring disability; DALY – disability adjusted life years/years a person expects to live without having a disability; DALE – disability adjusted life expectancy/number of years expect to live in full health - Human Development Index (UN) – statistics and tools gathered by the United Nations – gender issues, international comparisons - statistics from history and clinics; electronic patient records – gather even more statistics - various government department – department of labour collects status of diseases related to work; they take these statistics to analyse data to determine people’s health status Qualitative – studying everyday perceptions - Self-rated health status – studies conducted within a particular populations and access what they record with disease and illness; this is more reflected and accurate ov
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